The punk subculture emerged in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia in the mid-1970s.
In the United States during the early 1980s, punk underwent a renaissance in the form of hardcore punk. At the same time Britain saw a parallel movement called street punk.
Punks seek to outrage others with highly theatrical clothing, hairstyles, cosmetics, tattoos, jewelry and body modification. Early punk fashion adapted everyday objects for aesthetic effect: ripped clothing was held together by safety pins or wrapped with tape; ordinary clothing was customized by embellishing it with marker or adorning it with paint; a black bin liner became a dress, shirt or skirt; safety pins and razor blades were used as jewelry.