Презентация на тему: " The Old New Year 9 th form School 667 Saint-Petersburg Teacher: Trubitsina T.M." — Транскрипт:
The Old New Year 9 th form School 667 Saint-Petersburg Teacher: Trubitsina T.M.
o How do you celebrate new year holidays? o Do you know when the Old New Year is celebrated?
There are 365 days in a calendar year. A solar year is actually 365, days. Because of this difference, every fourth year is a leap year with an extra day at the end of February.
How are these people related to the Old New Year? Julius Caesar The Roman Emperor Pope Gregory XIII
o The Roman emperor Julius Caesar introduced the Julian calendar in 45BC. o According to the calendar it has 365days with a leap year of 366 days. o The Julian calendar is not perfect because it falls behind the solar year by about one day per century. Months (Roman) Lengths before 45 BC Lengths as of 45 BCMonths (English) IanuariusIanuarius   2931January Februarius 28 (leap years: 23 or 24) 28 (leap years: 29)February Mercedonius/Interca laris 0 (leap years: 27)(abolished) Martius31 March Aprilis2930April Maius31 May Iunius  2930June Quintilis  Quintilis  (Iulius)31 July SextilisSextilis (Augustus)2931August September2930September October31 October November2930November December2931December
o In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar which corrects the Julian calendar by making most years (1700, 1800, 1900) normal years of 365 days. o The Gregorian calendar omits century years which are not divisible by 400.
o To correct this, the date jumped from 31 st January 1918 to 14 th February. Happy Old New Year! o Russia began to use the Gregorian calendar on 26 th January, o By this time, the Julian calendar was 13 days behind the solar year.
o The Russian Orthodox Church still uses the Julian calendar. Wish you lots of love, joy and happiness!
o The New Year by the Julian calendar is still informally observed, and the tradition of celebrating the coming of the New Year twice is widely enjoyed: January 1 (New New Year) and January 14 (Old New Year). o Usually not as festive as the New New Year, for many this is a nostalgic family holiday ending the New Year holiday cycle (which includes Eastern Orthodox Christmas on January 7) with traditional large meals and singing. May your world be filled with warmth and good cheer throughout the year!