Душа нашего века, чудо нашей сцены, он принадлежит не одному веку, но всем временам. Б. Джонсон английский драматург. 3 William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was born on April,23,1564 in Stratford- on Avon, and was christened in Holy Trinity Church. W.Shakespeares birthplace Holy Trinity Church
The most important sources for the biography of William Shakespeare are official and documentary records: definite, reliable and dull. Of prime importance is the register of Stratford-on Avon Holy Trinity Church, which gives the date of the baptism of William Shakespeare, his marriage, the baptism of his children, and his death.
William Shakespeares father, John Shakespeare, was one of the wealthiest citizens, and his mother, Mary Arden, belonged to an ancient and distinguished Catholic family. William was their third child and the eldest son. He must have attended Stratford Grammar school, where he acquired the knowledge of Latin.
The next record of Shakespeares life is his marriage to Anne Hathaway, a daughter of a wealthy yeoman, in In 1583 their first child, Susanna was born, and in 1585 the twins, Hamnet and Judith, followed her. After the birth of the twins we know absolutely nothing about Shakespeares life for the next seven years.
It is known that by 1592 Shakespeare had settled in London and had started writing plays. In 1593 a serious epidemic of the plague broke out, and all the theatres were closed down. At that time William Shakespeare became a share-holder, the principal playwright and an actor of the Globe theatre on the southern bank of the Thames in London.
Shakespeare wrote and staged comedies, tragedies, historical plays and dramas. Besides, he composed sonnets. As the time passed, he became rather rich, wrote less and in 1613 after the Globe had been destroyed by fire, Shakespeare retired to Stratford where he died on April, 23, He was buried in the same Holy Trinity Church, where he was christened.
In 1623 Shakespeares plays were collected by his fellow-actors and published in a single volume known as the First Folio. His literary work may be divided into four periods. The plays are dated according to the theatrical season in which they were first staged. William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets.
The first period ( the period of apprenticeship) includes the plays that were written under the influence of the University Wits. 1590/91 Henry VI, parts II and III 1591/92 Henry VI, part I 1592/93 Richard III The Comedy of Errors 1593/94 Titus Andronicus The Taming of the Shrew
1594/95 The Two Gentlemen of Verona Loves Labour Lost Romeo and Juliet 1595/96 Richard II A Midsummer Nights Dream 1596/97 King John The Merchant of Venice During the second period William Shakespeare mainly wrote historical plays, chronicles, comedies. The only tragedy was Romeo and Juliet:
1597/98 Henry IV 1598/99 Much Ado About Nothing Henry V 1599/1600 Julius Caesar As You Like It Twelfth Night
The third period is marked by Shakespeares great tragedies that were the peak of his achievement, and made him truly immortal: 1600/01 Hamlet The Merry Wives of Windsor 1601/02 Troilus and Cressida 1603/04 Alls Well That Ends Well 1604/05 Measure for Measure Othello
1605/06 King Lear Macbeth 1606/07 Antony and Cleopatra 1607/08 Coriolanus Timon of Athens
QUIZ What do you know about William Shakespeare? 1. Where was he born? a) London b) Stratbord c) Oxford
2. When was he born? a) 1564 b) 1664 c) Shakespeare married a) Ann b) Mary c) Jarah
4. Which Shakespeare plays do you know? Match the beginnings and endings of some of his plays 1 A Midsummer Nights a) V 2 Romeo and b) about Nothing 3 Antony and c) Lost 4 Julius d) Juliet 5 Henry e) Caesar 6 Loves Labours f) Shrew 7 The Taming of the g) Drem 8 Much Ado h) Cleopatra
KEYS 1. b) 2. a) 3. a) 4. 1 g) 2 d) 3 h) 4 e) 5 a) 6 c) 7 f) 8 b)
СОНЕТ 66 перевод В. Микушевича Кричу я смерти: Где ты? Я устал Смотреть, как бьется доблесть в нищете, Как низость удостоена похвал, Как веру обрекают клевете, Как знатность подлостью посрамлена, Как девственностью властвует разврат, 30
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Как злоба добротой руководит. Кричу я, но ответа не дано, И бросить здесь любовь мою грешно. 32