Dilma Rousseff Dilma was born in the family of the Bulgarian emigrant Peter Ruseva. Her father, who was an active member of the Bulgarian Communist Party, because of political persecution was forced to emigrate from Bulgaria in 1929; lived for some time in France, where he began to write his name as Rousseff. Then moved to Argentina and a few years later he moved to Brazil, where he married Janet Dilma Coimbra Silva. They had three children: Igor, Dilma Vana and Jean Lucia.
Dilma actively interested in politics after the military coup of 1964, during which overthrew President João Goulart. In 1967, she joined the youth organization of the Socialist Party of Brazil, and then to its radical faction "Team National Liberation", defended the idea of armed struggle against the military dictatorship by the methods of "urban guerrilla." Several years Dilma was part of the underground armed organizations, but direct participation in hostilities did not accept. In 1970, Dilma was arrested and imprisoned, where he was tortured.
Early career. In late 1972, she was set free and together with his companion Carlos Araujo start to rebuild their lives. Later she graduated from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, and began a legal political activities of opposition political organizations, including participation in the creation of the Democratic Labour Party. In the late 1980s she worked Treasurer in the City Hall of Porto Alegre. In the 1990s led to funds of Economics and Statistics, and worked in the Ministry of Energy of the State of Rio Grande do Sul.
Political career. Dilma was a long time in the Democratic Labor Party, and at the end of the 1990s turned into a more radical party workers. After the crisis in the electricity supply in the south of Brazil at the end of the presidential term of Fernando Henrique Cardoso topic of energy issues has become urgent, and Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva took Dilma experience in his campaign. After the election of da Silva in January 2003 by President Dilma was appointed Minister of Energy. June 21, 2005 Dilma led the Presidential Administration of Brazil, and in 2010 it was announced that her nomination for the presidency of Brazil in the elections Oct. 3, In his campaign, Dilma advocated for agrarian and political reforms, supported racial quotas, freedom of religion and homosexual civil unions to oppose the death penalty and the legalization of soft drugs. From 1 January 2011 he has been President of Brazil, she became the first woman to hold this post.
В 2009 году Дилма вылечилась от рака лимфатических узлов на ранней стадии; из-за проведённой химиотерапии она несколько месяцев носила парик.
Prison. In 1970, Rousseff was arrested, in prison, she was beaten and tortured with electric shocks. One of her friends at the time, a poet and artist Neuza Ladeyra, who was also arrested, recalls: "After prison remained a big void. Our dream was gone, there was pragmatism. Each went his own way.
Dilma Rousseff emerged from prison at the end of 1972, emaciated and sick. After restoring it again to start learning - this time in the south of Brazil in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. There was serving the sentence of her second husband, Carlos Araujo, also a member of the revolutionary underground. He was freed in 1973, in 1976 they had a daughter. A year later, Rousseff graduated from university with a bachelor's degree in "Economy".
Dilma lost first job because of his partisan past and decided to continue his studies. Subsequently, in his summary, she claimed that she received a master's degree, cheating opened only in 2009, when wrote about this Brazilian magazine "Piaui." Rousseff acknowledged that the document was "a mistake", refusing to specify the details. In the 1980s, she began to write the master's work, but did not finish it. She resumed ties with leftist organizations, but this time it acted legally and became an advisor to the Democratic Labour Party