Packing - articles, materials and devices that are used to ensure the safety of products and raw materials during handling, storage and use (packaging); as the process and the complex of measures on preparation of objects to that.
Options package Designed to save the properties of objects after their manufacture, as well as giving them compact for easy transport. In most cases, one of the carriers of advertising goods. Making the packaging is one of the necessary conditions for the successful sale of almost any product. Necessarily bears the information about the content and method of use. With the development of wireless technologies RFID, NFC - also about the logistics of delivery, content authentication (elite alcohol) and other features. Individual packing may be combined with the application and dosing devices, the means to restrict access to children. There may be elements of the control opening. There are internal and external, single and group, rigid and soft, disposable and reusable packaging.
Examples of packages In descending order of strength : Metal containers: tin and aluminum cans, drums, kegs, metal containers, aluminum tube. Wood packaging: boxes, trays. Plastic container s:aprons, trays, blisters, plastic (extrusio n) tube. Glass: glass bottles, cans and so on. Paper packaging: paper bags, bags, sticks, sandwich bag. Polymer Packaging: polyethylene film and packages, sachets, laminated tube. Cardboard containers and packaging: boxes, packs, boxes, trays, cardboard- wound tubes.
History Antiquity The first types of packaging made of raw materials: cane, clay, vegetable and animal fibers, and so on. Since about 6000 BC. e. in ancient Egypt it was launched production of clay pots. Then, about 5000 BC. e. the peoples of the future of Europe have developed a method of heating the clay to "ceramic" state. Egyptian earthen ware vase The first glass products were in Babylon in 2500 BC. e., as early as 1500 BC. e. Egyptians learned how to blow glass utensils and various vessels. For Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece was followed by Syria.
XIX century. marked by a number of inventions: In 1827, the Frenchman Barrett invented "Voshchanka" - cheap wrapping paper, coated on one side with varnish; In 1841, the English portrait painter John Rand patents metal tube (tuba) In 1844, the German Heinrich Welter (according to some reports - Friedrich Keller) develops technology for the production of cellulose from wood pulp; In 1850, it appears the first two-layer wrapper for sweets: an inner layer of foil, the outer paper; Wrap for sweets In years. British invent asphalt - waterproof wrapping paper; In 1856 in the UK patented corrugated paper; In 1872, invented the screw cap for cans and bottles. At the beginning of XX century. It is a series of exciting discoveries: In 1907, German scientist Frederick Kipping opens silicone; In 1908 Aldemar Bates invented the paper bag with the valves; In the ies. in the US there is a machine for the manufacture of paper bags; In 1879 Robert Geir (US) for the first time combined the printing process with the process of production of boxes; In 1880, there is a fully automated equipment for canning, including the step of sealing caps; In the 90-ies. developing packaging machinery; In 1903, George Michael. Owens has patented a machine for blowing glass bottles.
In 1940 bags with handles and multi-color advertisements are widely useable, thanks in part to the spread of supermarkets marked a real revolution in the packaging of dairy products. Appears package «Tetra Pak» - «triangular" bags made of laminated paper. Tetra Classic - cardboard packaging in the form of a tetrahedron for the storage of milk, created in 1950 by Tetra Pak. Since 1959, delivered and widely used in the USSR, where the packages are usually called "pyramids", "triangles", "package" (for example, milk bags, carton of milk) or "triangular packets" and often upotrebimo the people "frog " In 1958, there is an aluminum beer can made without seams on the bottom and sides. In 1963, the cover is provided with an aluminum ring. Habitual us tea bags In 1960-ies. appear filter bags for tea and self-adhesive tape for wrapping boxes.
Signs on the package The packaging can be placed different characters: identification marks; Identification marks are placed on the package in accordance with the procedures and standards established by law and generally not of interest to the consumer. handling marks; Manipulation signs reflect the way of operation, transportation, handling and storage of packaging. This type is a sign, "Fragile", which calls for extreme caution to be taken to all of the manipulation of the product. Signs of what material the packaging is made; Including the designation of non-toxic material. Ecological signs and so on. d. These signs are reporting safety package for the environment and human rights. For example, the sign of recycling. The meaning of this symbol lies in the fact that the product is made of recycled material, and / or suitable for further processing. Do not expose contact with the fluid Top The center of mass Non-toxic material The international recycling symbol - Mobius band.
Well, this is just one AWESOME campaign coming from the Leo Burnett agency! Created for WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature)the concept is wrapped around the idea of replacing plastic bottled household products with alternative and natural solutions. No more plastic. And, what would you name a line of responsible products? How about just*? Its just that simple. Every day we buy millions of household products that are essentially chemicals in plastic bottles. And, every one of them puts more pressure on our already fragile environment.WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature)
Among the world's largest manufacturers of packaging - companies Ball, Rexam, Tetra Pak. The largest manufacturers of packaging materials in the CIS, are the companies: Uralpastik-H; Firstline; Delta Pak;
The first types of packaging made of raw materials, call them Which famous packaging companies do you know? what types of packaging do you know? What means this sign? When was appeared filter bags for tea? When was appeared Tetra paks?