Born in the village of Mishaninskaya, near the town of Kholmogory in the family chernososhnye peasants, engaged in sea fishing.
At the age of 19 the young man left home on foot to Moscow, it took about three weeks. There he was able to enter the Slovenian-Greek-Latin Academy.
In 1748 Lomonosov founded the first chemical laboratory. His discoveries have enriched many branches of knowledge. Lomonosov's ideas were ahead of science. Lomonosov was a great physicist, chemist and astronomer. He coined dozens of scientific terms from the field of astronomy, many of which are still used, as, for example, the laws of planetary motion, the earth's axis,the horizon, refraction of rays, moon, constellation, atmosphere and others.
Moscow University was founded on the initiative of Lomonosov in 1755.
The most important discoveries of Lomonosov relate to physics, chemistry and astronomy. This achievement has surpassed the scientific writings of Western scholars for decades.
Lomonosov was a great patriot deeply loving his Motherland and had a great desire to make it prosperous.
In early 1748, Mikhail Vasilyevich insisted on the construction and equipment according to blueprints of the chemical laboratory at the Academy of Sciences, where he began to conduct analyses of samples of various minerals and ores. These instances are extracted from the Lomonosov mining plants all over Russia.
Lomonosov was the first to formulate the basic provisions of the kinetic theory of gases, the opening of which is usually associated with the name of D. Bernoulli. Lomonosov believed that all bodies are composed of tiny moving particles atoms and molecules, which when heated bodies move faster, and cooling is slower. Lomonosov's scientific interests touched upon the most unexpected spheres and led him even into the area of fine arts. In the early fifties Lomonosov had a particular interest in mosaic, glass and bead factories. Lomonosov exactly we owe the birth of Russian mosaic and a true masterpiece the famous picture, made at the Lomonosov factory and is dedicated to the battle of Poltava.