Masterpieces of Baroque architecture in Ukraine. Age of Baroque in Ukraine comes at a time when Ukraine was torn between strong neighbors. So the Right Bank of Ukraine had Baroque designs that came from the Catholic center of the world - Rome and Poland. One of the first examples of Baroque in Lviv - Discalced Carmelites Sretensky Church ( gg.), A copy of the Holy Church. Susana in Rome (arch. Carlo Maderno, 1603).
But erudition and talents have enabled architects to quickly move away from copying the Roman model and create original buildings (Bernardine Church, Hvozdets, church and convent of Discalced Carmelites, Berdichev, Chapel Paraskeva, Pidkamin, Dominican Monastery, Bogorodchani, Peter and Paul Church, Kam 'Kamyanets- Podolsky, Church of the Ascension, Zolochiv, etc.). Among the best examples of Baroque and Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary in Horodenka, Ivano-Frankovsk region, (arch. Bernard Meretyn).
For typical baroque solemnity and spectacular effects, dynamics compositions and decorative splendor. The architecture is reflected in whimsical planes, contrasts large volumes, congested sculptural beauties, chiaroscuro and color effects.
Great baroque center was only Kyiv, which dominated the church building. Kyiv became the real crossroad of diverse influences that came from Ukraine itself (arch. Grigorovich- Barsky, Kovnir Stephen D.), Poland, Germany (arh.Shedel Johann Gotfrid) Rastrelli (Russian Empire). And destroyed left unexplored Polish baroque churches Kyiv.
Single samples of secular Baroque building in Kiev became metropolitans (1722, years.) And former Bursa ( gg.), Mariinsky Palace (architect. V.Rastelli).Osoblyve place was the old building of the Kyiv Mohyla akademiyi.Sered other cities deserve attention Kharkov (Assumption Cathedral) Kozelets (Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin), some baroque altars of churches.
Resurrection Church. M.Sedniv Michael sobor. Kyyiv
Since the end of the XVIII century. Ukraine came in Classicism, the so-called "urban style", a feature was considerable reduction in construction of churches. Preference was given to palaces and public buildings. The house Poltava City Administration. Palace and park ensemble "Samchiki"
Classicism - a majestic simplicity, lack of spare parts, rigor, conciseness, which manifests itself in everything and foreign, and interior decoration of the building. Architectural style is also characterized by naturalness and soft colors that are not striking. The building, designed in accordance with the direction of classicism, usually done in cream, beige, milk and pale yellow.
Classicism in architecture - is elegant and unobtrusive luxury. Here it plays an important role, especially the accessories. Grand atmosphere creates marble sculptures, mirrors framed in gold, porcelain, classic paintings, tapestries, unusual flower arrangement, cushions. However, the details should not be too much, because classicism - is, above all, lack of pretentiousness. Each decorative element should be inscribed harmoniously into the overall picture. Different parts complement and interact with each other.
End of XVII - beginning of the nineteenth century... characterized Ukrainian architecture considerable growth of construction, spread new style - classicism. During classicism becomes important open nature of the composition of ensembles squares, streets and individual systems. The biggest development among cities in the late eighteenth-nineteenth century.. reached Odessa. It was built in 1794 on the site of Turkish fortress Hadzhibey. In 1803 Odessa was still a small town with nine thousand inhabitants. The city had 14,000 houses and huts, unfinished church, 39 small factories, 200 stores and shops. In 1804 the mayor of Odessa AE Richelieu ordered the project known theater architect Thomas de Toman.