Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and journalist. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park. After high school he reported for a few months for The Kansas City, before leaving for the Italian front to enlist with the World War I ambulance drivers. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s.
Santiago Santiago - The old man of the novellas title. The marlin - Santiago hooks the marlin. Manolin - A boy presumably in his adolescence, Manolin is Santiagos apprentice and devoted attendant.
The Old Man and the Sea is a novel written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in 1951 in Cuba, and published in It was the last major work of fiction to be produced by Hemingway and published in his lifetime The Old Man and the Sea was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953 and was cited by the Nobel Committee as contributing to the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Literature to Hemingway in 1954.
The novel opens with the explanation that the fisherman, who is named Santiago, has gone 84 days without catching a fish. Santiago is considered "salao", the worst form of unluckiness. In fact, he is so unlucky that his young apprentice, Manolin, has been forbidden by his parents to sail with the old man and been ordered to fish with more successful fishermen.
Santiago tells Manolin that on the next day, he will venture far out into the Gulf Stream, north of Cuba in the Straits of Florida to fish, confident that his unlucky streak is near its end. Thus on the eighty-fifth day, Santiago sets out alone, taking his skiff far onto the Gulf Stream.
He sets his lines and, by noon of the first day, a big fish that he is sure is a marlin takes his bait. Unable to pull in the great marlin, Santiago instead finds the fish pulling his skiff.
Two days and two nights pass in this manner, during which the old man bears the tension of the line with his body. Though he is wounded by the struggle and in pain, Santiago expresses a compassionate appreciation for his adversary, often referring to him as a brother.
Finally the sharks have almost devoured the marlin's entire carcass, leaving a skeleton consisting mostly of its backbone, its tail and its head. Reaching the shore before dawn on the next day, Santiago struggles on the way to his shack, carrying the heavy mast on his shoulder.
A group of fishermen gather the next day around the boat where the fish's skeleton is still attached. One of the fishermen measures it to be 18 feet (5.5 m) from nose to tail. When the old man wakes, they promise to fish together once again. Upon his return to sleep, Santiago dreams of his youthof lions on an African beach.