Презентация на тему: " The main stages of formation and development of sociology." — Транскрипт:
The main stages of formation and development of sociology.
Plan. 1. History of sociology 2. Sociology in society 3. Sociology in the 21st century 4. To compare psychology and sociology
Sociology of history It is difficult to establish when there was a sociology its sources go back to the beginning of human history. The Arab thinker Ibn Haldun ( ) who tried to study scientifically society was one of predecessors of sociology, looked for the reasons of the social phenomena, was engaged in comparison of various civilizations. The sociology often is considered as the modern science which arose in the West as area of knowledge of moral problems of the present. The separation of the social theory from political is dated the 18th century and contacts decline of "court society" and origin of civil society or just "societies", opening social as specific reality out of the state or private spheres. Emergence of sociology, thus, coincides with emergence of an object of its studying.
Sociology of history The first the famous French politician and the publicist of an era of the Great French revolution and the First empire abbot E.Zh.Siyes in 1780 used the word "sociology". The term was introduced by August Comte for scientific use, having connected the Latin word socius (common, collateral) and Greek λόγος (the word, the speech). On April 27, 1839 day when Comte used the new word can be considered date of "official" emergence of sociology.
Sociology in the 21st century Sociology is the study of social behaviour or society, including its origins, development, organisation, networks, and institutions.It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, disorder, and change. Many sociologists aim to conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro- sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.
The sociology is very larger science. Military sociology Gender sociology Sociology of deviant behavior Childhood sociology Sociology of spiritual life Sociology of a course of life Knowledge sociology Sociology of communications Culture sociology Medicine sociology Youth sociology Science sociology Sociology of scientific knowledge Education sociology Sociology of the organizations Policy sociology The sociology is right Psychiatry sociology Sociology of the public sphere Religion sociology Family sociology Work sociology Sociology of management Sociology of emotions Fiscal sociology Economic sociology Ecosociology Ethnosociology Since the 14th century the sociology turned very larger science which demands chatelny an attention and perception. The sociology in 21 centuries more narrow to eat the significant place. As we see sociology very intimately is bound from political science and relationship in society.