CONSTITUTIONAL LAW By: Aziret Tadzhibaev Group: WEC-14. - презентация
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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW By: Aziret Tadzhibaev Group: WEC-14
A set of principles, which may be written or unwritten, that establishes the distribution of power within a political system, relationships between political institutions, the limits of government jurisdiction, the rights of citizens and the method of amending the constitution itself. What Is Constitution?
What is law? Law is a legalized opportunity to do something, to exercise, and a duty is to act that citizens are required to do.
Writing (exists as a single document) - in Russia, the United States, France Unwritten (exist in the form of a large number of parliamentary laws, judicial precedents and customs) - in the UK, Israel, New Zealand People's sovereign (contractual) - in the USA in 1787, Konst. The RSFSR of 1918 Octorated (given to his people by a monarch or president) - Japan 1889 Types
The popular vote (referendum) became a way of adopting the Constitution of the Russian Federation on December 12, But in the overwhelming majority of states, political conditions allowed the adoption of the constitution by the usual parliamentary way, although after that it was sometimes brought to a referendum (Spain, 1978). The generally recognized legitimate ways of adopting a constitution with the help of a constituent assembly and referendum. The first way, for example, was the current Constitution of the USA (the Constitutional Convention in 1787), as well as Italy (1947), India (1948), Bulgaria (1990) and Romania (1991), and the second - France (1958).
Signs Constitution-is the basic law Special legal properties: Has the supremacy in the territory of the KR -Annual social relations are regulated by constitutional norms, -Consolidation of the Constitution of the subjects of public life -Other statutory acts are built on its basis, -All generality (there is not from regulated aspects of life) Guarantor of the constitution is the president
Principles The Rule of the Constitution It spreads to the entire territory of the state. Has the supreme legal force. Stability of the Constitution Constitution is adopted when there is a compromise of interests of various socio-political forces. The Constitution is designed for a long period of validity. The Constitution has a special procedure for accepting and making changes to it, it is a fairly rigid system
Role Provides stability in society Provides legitimacy and continuity of power Strengthens the political, social and economic basis of society Defines the political and legal regime Strengthens the national and territorially- state structure
The Constitution is a normative legal act that has the highest legal force and consolidates the fundamental principles and norms of legal regulation of the most important social relations, creating a legal basis for the adoption of laws and other normative legal acts The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic was adopted on June 27, 2010
Constitution The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic comes into force on the day of the official publication of the results of the referendum (popular vote), except for: the provisions of section three, chapters two and three of section four, sections five to six, which come into force from the day of the first meeting of the newly elected Jogorku Kenesh Of the Kyrgyz Republic; provisions of the second part of Article 30, which comes into force on January 1, 2011, Article 30
The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic "On the Enactment of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic", adopted by referendum (popular vote), do not require signing. Taking into account the historical significance of the day of the adoption of the first Constitution of the sovereign Kyrgyz Republic, consider the Day of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic on May 5.