Презентация 6 класса по предмету "Иностранный язык" на тему: "Государственное образовательное учреждение средняя школа 425. Проект на тему : «Чай и чаепитие в Англии: вчера и сегодня.» Учеников 6 «А» класса: Рудковской.". Скачать бесплатно и без регистрации. — Транскрипт:
Государственное образовательное учреждение средняя школа 425. Проект на тему : «Чай и чаепитие в Англии: вчера и сегодня.» Учеников 6 «А» класса: Рудковской Анны Новожиловой Елизаветы Машель Александры Пармузина Дениса. Научный руководитель – учитель английского языка Власкина Людмила Витальевна. Москва, 2008.
Актуальность данной работы заключается в том что презентация по теме «Чай и чаепитие в Англии: вчера и сегодня» является неотъемлемой частью дисциплины «Страноведения». Одновременно с этим, представленная работа – это новый элемент учебного процесса, дополняющий содержание, что позволяет удовлетворить разнообразные пользовательские интересы учащихся. Данная презентация адресована учащимся, желающим расширить и углубить свои знания английского языка, страноведения и истории страны изучаемого языка.
Задачи проекта: Отработать материал, освещающий основные актуальные вопросы, связанные с английским чаепитием. Расширить словарный запас учащихся. Составить систему заданий, обеспечивающих усвоению основных знаний. Цель проекта – разработать презентацию в ходе которой учащиеся совершенствовали знания по страноведению.
Г ИПОТЕЗА : изучение страноведения Англии на материале повысит мотивацию учащихся, следовательно будет способствовать эффективному пополнению словарного запаса, а также повышению знаний английского языка в целом, расширит их кругозор в области чайных церемоний в веках, а также чайных церемоний в наше время в Англии, познакомит поближе с культурой и характером народа.
Практическая значимость данной работы состоит в том, что разработанная программа может быть использована в классах с углубленным изучением английского языка, с одаренными детьми (как дополнительные уроки). В ходе разработки данного проекта использовались следующие методы исследования : - Анализ литературы по вопросу. - Отбор. - Обобщение и систематизация информации.
Место и роль чая в английской жизни. История покорения Англии. Коммерческая история чая. Исторические традиции. Чай в Англии сегодня. План:
Tea is one of the most important parts of English life…. Tea in English life
The English drink tea with milk, pouring the milk first, and then the tea, without adding extra water. The tradition is so strong that companies producing green tea, fruit tea and herbal tea write a warning on the package such as «Best served without milk» which nevertheless does not stop the English from creating the most awful drink of fruit tea and milk. Tea with milk
The famous English writer George Orwell proposed his own golden rules for brewing tea: a) Tea should be from India or Ceylon. b) Tea should be brewed lightly in a porcelain or pottery teapot and mixed with boiling water in a cup. c) The teapot should be warmed, not by using water,which spoils the taste, but on the shelf over the fire. d) Tea must be strong. e) Tea leaves should be placed directly in the teapot so that they can float freely and not in little bags,nets or packets. f) The brew should be poured into the boiling water. g) Having brewed the tea, it should be stirred or, even better, shaken. h) Tea should be drunk from high cylindrical cups. i) Cream should be removed from the milk before the milk is added to the tea. j) First pour the tea and only then pour the milk. k) Tea should be never be drunk with sugar, which spoils the taste. 11 golden rules for brewing tea
Tea only appeared in England in the middle of the seventeenth century from China. The History of the Conquest of England
In the seventeenth century, the English became interested in the drink. In the eighteenth century, tea «traditions» started to appear and tea was for the most part, enjoyed by the wealthier members of society. By the nineteenth century, tea was drunk at all levels of society. In the twentieth century, tea became a usual and integral part of life. Spread of tea
The first records of tea being bought in London shops start appearing at the beginning of the 1650s. The first known advertisement announcing the sale of tea is in a copy of the English newspaper Mercurius Politicus from The first records of tea
Tea was used for medicinal purposes. Tea was also considered to cure headaches, gall bladder pains, and was used as a tonic to «chase away sleep and lighten the heart». Tea – as the cure ( лекарство )
Tea became a social drink, to a significant extent taking this role away from alcoholic drinks. Tea and alcoholic drinks
In the seventeenth century, people were still drinking tea after the Chinese fashion: served in small Eastern bowls and brewed in small important teapots. Then the enterprising English had already started to produce special tea services. The first tea dishes
First the English liked their tea (green tea)sweet and added either sugar or honey to it. Milk came later. Then English liked to drink black tea. Sweet tea,tea with milk, black tea
Paradoxically, the first tea served in public places was sold in coffee houses. Coffee houses first appeared in the 1650; the first of traditionally thought to have opened in Oxford, than in London. The first coffee houses
The English thought that tea is: A drink for the whole family; A drink for quiet people ( мирные обыватели) ; A ceremonial drink. Tea and the English
How did tea make its way from far off China into the cups of the ordinary English? The route tea took to England was a difficult and long one. The Revolutions
The first tea was brought to England by Dutch merchants. From 1668 onwards, the sale of tea was taken under the wing of the English East India Company, which was already a powerful trade of organization. By the end of the century, the English already had their own trading station in Canton. (Port in China)
In the eighteenth century, tea finally became the national drink throughout England. Tea - as the national drink
The high price of tea, caused by the length and difficulty of transporting it to England, the sale price grew noticeably as a result of the large tax set on it by the government (which by 1784 was 119%). Tea – as the expensive drink
In the 18-th century the illegal trade in tea took on gigantic proportions. Smugglers working on their own, in groups, sometimes under the patronage of government figures brought up to half of the tea drunk in the country. Smugglers and tea
And finally, great success was enjoyed by the producers of so – called (false-подделка ) tea in other words with something added in. False tea «false tea»
In 1706, Thomas Twining opened a coffee house which also sold tea. It became a shop selling tea and tea shop. The Twinings tea company became an emblem of the aristocracy (In business Twinings held on to their traditions, not lowering ) prices or going into mass production, but relying on quality and the refinement of the taste. As a result, they were one on the last to produce tea in standard packages. Their diligence paid off: in 1837 the young queen Victoria named them as the official suppliers to the royal court. The Twinings – tea company
Tea was brewed and poured by the mistress of the house. Tea was brewed in the sitting room. (The water was often kept warm in special silver urns) Tea always freshly brewed, strong and sweet. Traditions of English Tea-drinking
The teaspoon played a large part, some of them even bearing a number so that the hostess did not get mixed up when topping up cups. A teaspoon placed on the pot of the cup indicated the end of tea drinking. Teaspoons
The tea ritual required special equipment: tea rooms, tea houses, tea furniture, tea services, tea gowns) Tea ritual
The Europeans particularly liked blue and white porcelain. European artists initially copied Chinese and Japanese motifs on their porcelain items. Much later it became fashionable to use European designs. European designs
In the 19-th century, tea traditions in England became inviolable laws: Afternoon tea Five-o-clock Tea for two High tea Tea traditions
Much attention was also paid to the subjects of conversation while drinking tea. Conversation was the key component of the English «tea ceremony». Tea conversations
Everything on the table had to come together perfectly: the tea service, the tablecloth, the napkins, the flowers in the vase, the crockery and even, ideally, the refreshments. Tea tables
………..in iron boxes in aristocratic houses. Tea was kept………
Exponent People drank tea5,849,069,0158,0182,2249,5 Chinese tea5,849,067,0114,5113,512,5 Indian tea--2,043,765,5138,0 Ceylon tea----2,2592,5 For British production (%) For foreign production (%) Changes in production of tea
Nowadays the English prefer Indian tea over others Chinese tea is still without equal. It s drunk by connoisseurs and experts and it is increasingly coming back into fashion. Tea in England today
In London tea traditions remain, they are extremely upper-class and expensive. T he magnificent London hotels, which your average man in the street is only likely to see in films about aristocratic life, now serve afternoon tea to all who want to attend. This is a whole outing, an event for which one needs to prepare in advance. In some places you must order a table well in advance and dress formally, in other words a tie and jacket for the men.
Menu Sandwiches: -with smoked salmon - with cream cheese and onion - with egg and mustard - with cucumber - with cooked salmon and salad - with beef and garlic - with fried turkey Freshly baked rolls with home-made strawberry jam and whipped cream. Special tarts and fruit-cake Tea The menu for the afternoon at the hotel «Ritz»
In the South of England there are also the so-called cream teas. Cream teas usually involve: Hot rolls Cream Jam C REAM TEA
English tea is still the best. Do not buy tea in supermarkets, where mass produced tea is gold. Do not buy the cheapest tea. Simple rules for Russian tourists
Бурова И.И. - «Две тысячи истории Англии»,2001. Павловская А.В. – «Англия и Англичане»,2005. Похлёбкин В.В. - «Чай: его типы, свойства, употребление»,2001. «Tea and Conversation»,2000. «Tea on service»,1974. «Tea. Best tea places Guide. The tea council»,2001. Иллюстрации К презентации прилагается лекционный материал Библиография