Презентация на тему: " Инновационный Евразийский Университет Кафедра «Английская филология и перевод» Слайд-лекция по дисциплине «История языка» на тему: Periodisation of English." — Транскрипт:
Инновационный Евразийский Университет Кафедра «Английская филология и перевод» Слайд-лекция по дисциплине «История языка» на тему: Periodisation of English Language History Для студентов специальностей «Переводческое дело» «Филология: иностранная филология» Разработал: ст.преп. Фанакова Л.В.
ПЛАН ЛЕКЦИИ 1.Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History. 2.Professor Rastorguyevas Periodisation. 3.Old English. 4.Middle English: 4.1 Early Middle English 4.2 Classical Middle English. 5.New English: 5.1 Early New English 5.2 the age of Normalization and Correctness 5.3 Modern English.
Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History The commonly accepted, traditional periodisation divides English language history into three periods: Old English (OE); Middle English (ME); New or Modern English (NE, Mod E).
Professor Rastorguyevas Periodisation This periodisation of English language history is partly based on the conventional three periods. It subdivides the history of the English language into seven periods.
Traditional Periodisation of English Languages History The name of the periodTime (Chronology) 1.Old English (OE): 1.1 Early OE 1.2 Anglo-Saxon th c.– 7 th c th c.– 11 th c. 2. Middle English (ME): 2.1 Early ME 2.2 Classical ME th c.– 14 th c th c. – 15 th c. 3. New English (NE): 3.1 Early NE 3.2 The age of normalization and correctness 3.3 Late NE ( Modern English) th c. - mid. 17 th c. 3.2 mid. 17 th c th c. 3.3 the end of the 18 th c.- till nowadays
English language development started with the West Germanic (WG) Invasion by the Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes and the Frisians in the 5th century (449 A.D.).
Old English At the begging it was the stage of tribal dialects of the WG invaders, which were gradually losing contacts with the related continental languages. The tribal dialects were only used for oral communication. The 7th century is the beginning of writing, the tribal dialects gradually changed into local or regional dialects.
Old English OE was a typical OG language, with a purely Germanic vocabulary, and few foreign borrowings. As far as grammar is concerned, OE was an inflected or synthetic language with a well-developed system of morphological categories.
Middle English Period starts with the Norman Conquest in 1066
Early Middle English Historic EventsLinguistic Peculiarities 1066, the year of the Norman Conquest Official language in England was French for 300 years Feudal system and foreign influences caused the greatest dialectal divergence A time of great linguistic changes at all the levels of the language English absorbed two layers of lexical borrowings: the Scandinavian element in the North-Eastern area (due to the Scandinavian invasions since the 8th c.) and the French element in the South-East (due to the Norman Conquest). Grammatical changes were so drastic that by the end of the period they transformed English into a mainly analytical one.
Classical Middle English The time of the restoration of English to the position of the state and literary language and the time of literary flourishing. The main dialect used in writing and literature was the mixed dialect of London, which arose in the 14 th c.
New English period starts with the introduction of printing in 1475 by William Caxton.
Early New English A time of progress in culture, education and literature. The formation of the national English language. A time of sweeping changes at all levels. The period of variety and free choice in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.
The Age of Normalisation and Correctness Establishment of norms, which were fixed as rules in the numerous dictionaries and grammar- books published at the time. The 18th c. literary English differentiated into distinct styles. Fixing the pronunciation, and normalisation and restriction of word usage and grammatical construction.
Modern English By the 19 th c. English had achieved the relative stability and had acquired all the properties of a national language, with its recognised standards. The expansion of English overseas proceeded together with the growth of the British Empire in the 19 th c.
Modern English The 20 th c. witnessed considerable intermixture of dialects. The local dialects are being displaced by Standard English. The best form of English, the Received Standard, is being spread through new channels: the press, radio, cinema and television.
The last 30 or 40 years can be singled out as the final stage of development, representing Present-day English.
Контрольные вопросы 1.How many periods is the history of English traditionally divided into? What are they? What are their boundaries? 2.How many periods does Pr. Rastorguyeva subdivide the history of English language into? 3.What do the following dates stand for: the 7th c.; 1475; the 5th c.; 1066; the 11th c. – the 15th c.; the 5th c. – the 11th c. 4.Characterise the main periods in the history of English.
Литература: Основная учебная литература: 1.Расторгуева Т.А. История английского языка: Учебник для вузов М.: Астрель, 2003 (чз-5, аб-15). 2.Иванова И., Чахоян Л., Беляева Т.История английского языка: Учебник. Хрестоматия. Словарь/ И.Иванова, Л.Чахоян,Т.Беляева СПб.: Лань, 2006 (чз-5, аб-17). Дополнительная учебная литература: 1.Ярцева В.Н.Языкознание: Большой энциклопедический словарь / Под ред. В.Н.ЯрцевойМ.: Большая Российская энциклопедия, 2000 (чз-3). 2.«Сrosscultural Aspects of The English Language History (Historical, social and cultural backgrounds of the English language history)»: учебное пособие по курсу истории английского языка/ Сост.: Р.Ж. Саурбаев, C.Г. Кулагина; Сургут. гос ун-т. – Сургут: Изд-во СурГУ, 2003 (медиатека ИнЕУ).