Презентация на тему: " See around set about drop in turn out take off break away carry on look for cut down put forward s e t a p a r t f r o m turn on hit back make out go through." — Транскрипт:
see around set about drop in turn out take off break away carry on look for cut down put forward s e t a p a r t f r o m turn on hit back make out go through get along Проект « Фразовые глаголы. Способы их изучения ( на примере «get»)» Авторы : Коваленко Богдана, Жердева Александра учащиеся 8 « А » класса гимназии 1521
Aim(цель проекта ): способствовать эффективному овладению значениями фразового глагола «get» через занимательные методы, приемы обучения.
Plan( план проекта ): определение фразового глагола ; роль и место фразового глагола в английском языке ; наша классификация фразовых глаголов ( на примере глагола get ); виды деятельности с фразовым глаголом get( в демонстрации ); выводы.
1- ая классификация - сочетания, в которых предлог имеет свое первичное конкретно - пространственное значение ; в этом случае о значении фраз глагола легко догадаться и его можно заменить простым глаголом или эквивалентным словосочетанием. to get to –– to arrive to get back –– to return to get by –– to move past to get down – write down to get over – climb over to get up – wake up, get out of bed to get off – leave a bus, train
2- ая классификация - сочетания, в которых фразовые глаголы обладают значением, которое невозможно вывести из значений его компонентов. Такие фразовые глаголы имеют признак идиоматичности ( под идиомой мы понимаем сочетание двух или более слов, значение которого не совпадает со значением его составляющих ). Именно фразовые глаголы с идиоматическим значением являются наиболее трудными и утомительными для учеников в усвоении и запоминании и для учителей в преподавании фразовых глаголов.
Part ll (project itself) Activity I. Word-game. Which verb is not a synonym of the phrasal verb? Make up sentences. 1) Get by - make both ends meet; live hard; have enough food; have a lot of money; She finds it hard to get by her pension. 2) Get across -to explain clearly, misunderstand, grasp; Her speech got across to the public. 3) Get ahead – to advance, fail, rise, succeed, prosper; Your need a support to get ahead. 4) Get at - to attack, criticize, upset, please; You are always getting at me. 5) Get along – to cope, be on bad terms, advance; How are you getting along? 6) Get over -to jump up, overcome, recover, become well or happy; It takes time to get over that shock. 7) Get into -to push ones way, to intrude, travel by; Its bad to get into sights. 8) Get back – to compensate, refund, allow, restore; How can I get my gold watch back?
Activity 2. Creating short rhymes, limericks, poems. Please, follow up with rhymes and limericks and guess the postpositions: 1. If you live from hand to mouth, And could hardly make a pie, It convinces any person - You are sure getting (by). 2. Lot of questions- Small and gross I cant get Youve said (across). 3. Hes hard to make a friend: Manners ill, behavious bad, And what grieves me more is that Hes always getting (at).
4. Heart is cold, thoughts are obscure, All she says seems tense and blue, Help to touch her. Who can do? As for me I cant get (to). 5.Life is hard with lots of tasks, Hardships, questions to be asked. If you make a faithful crew, You are sure to get all (through). Limerick There was an old lady of town Who got her little puppies down. She got them at, But they said: Wow! To great surprise of old frau.
Activity 3. Making up short stories with phrasal verbs. There was a little boy born to a poor family. His parents died when he was only two years old. He was raised by his aunt, mothers sister in a small shabby hub. The aunt was a warm-hearted woman, sensitive to the boy. They got along well, getting over all the troubles and difficulties of hard life. The boys name was Richard. He had a quick mind, rich imagination, was smart and witty by nature. But Richard didnt go to school because they could hardly get by – he had no good clothes, money enough to buy books. And besides there was no school for poor children in their neighborhood. The thing that got everybody surprised was his being precocious and fair. At the age of 12 Richard got into history and politics. His head was full of ideas how to help people and make their lives easier and happier. Once walking in the town he saw a noble man making as it seemed to him the correct speech. He got across his ideas about the revolution enthusiastically so that everybody in the crowd especially Richard got carried away. Richards mind fancied up a democratic society of free and happy people. Richard was a patriot and set an example for us how to love the country, its people heartily.
Activity 4.Matching the idioms with phrasal verbs and the pictures. Creating idiomatic stories in pictures. To get something off the ground – сдвинуть что - то с мертвой точки ; To get on ones nerves – действовать кому - либо на нервы ; To get out of bed on the wrong side – встать не с той ноги ; To get off ones back - перестать надоедать кому - либо ; To get ones own back- отомстить кому - либо ; To get off the hook – освободиться от обязательств ; To get a grip on oneself – контролировать свои чувства ; To get carried away – слишком увлечься чем - либо ; To get even with – расквитаться с кем - либо ; Get away with you! – Да ну тебя ! Брось болтать чепуху ! To get off with a whole skin – выйти сухим из воды ; To get a load off ones mind – словно камень с души, гора с плеч ; от сердца отлегло ; Get a move on! – Живей !( скорей, поторопись ).
To get out of bed on the wrong side To get even with To get a grip on oneself Get a move on!
Do you know Mr. Turner? The man who gets off with a whole skin from any situation. Once we decided to buy a lovely estate in a historical part of England. The setting was perfect; at the sight of the beautiful scenery I got carried away. We had equal parts in the bargain and we seemed to get everything off the ground. But one day I felt as if my partner was about to get the hook. I got the nerve to ask him if my suspicions were right. He said: «Dont worried! Get away with you!» But meanwhile I learnt that he had taken out his share. I got a grip of myself and I didnt want to get my own back on him. I only said to myself: «I can get through anything».
Activity 5. Phrasal verbs in songs. Listen, get down those phrasal verbs you go for and guess what they mean. Pet Shop Boys – I get along 3D Echo – I get by Archive – Get out Talib Kweli- Get by Jojo- We get by Chris Brown- Get down Queen- Get down make love 50 Cent- Get up Otto Virgial - Got the Blues about Rome