Lying off the north-west of Europe, there are two large Islands and over 5ooo smaller ones. They are known as the British Isles. The two largest are Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom occupies most of the territory of the British Isles.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandENGLAND Scotland Wales Northern Irelan Northern Ireland
The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Jack, Is made up of three crosses.
Scotland takes the northern part of the territory of Great Britain and is not densely populated. Thistle – a symbol of Scotland. St Andrews cross
Scotland had been an independent state and was joined into the United Kingdom in 1707, after a long struggle for its independence.
Scotland is divided into three parts: the Highlands, the Lowlands, the Southern Uplands. The nature of Scotland is very diverse. The winters in the Highlands are very harsh, the majority of population lives in the Lowlands.
The Highlands of Scotland are among the oldest mountains in the world. In the valleys between the hills there are beautiful lakes, called lochs. Loch Ness is the most famous, where some people think a large monster lives.
One of the things that people associate with Scotland is kilt. The kilt is a relic of the time when the clan system existed in the Highlands. Each clan had its own tartan. Today tartan has become very fashionable again.
Shipbuilding and sheep-breeding are the main industries in Scotland.
Edinburg has been the capital since the 15th century. Edinburgh is the cultural centre of Scotland.
The fortified castles of Edinburgh were the centre of Scotlands resistance to its enemies.
Northern Ireland is the smallest component of the United Kingdom. It occupies the northeast of the island of Ireland, only one-sixth of its territorry. The national symbol of Northern Ireland is shamrock.
Ireland is often called the green island. The poets put it in a different way - they call it the Emerald Isle.
Ireland is a very mysterious country. А lot of legends are connected with the Giants Causeway, a mass of stone columns standing very near together.
Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland is the leading industrial centre and port