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Автор презентации: учитель английского языка МОУ СОШ с.Весёлый Яр Приморского края Борисова Юлия Николаевна Презентации создана с использованием материалов из популярной интернет-энциклопедии Wikipedia
New Seven Wonders of the World was a project that attempted to update the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World concept with a modern list of wonders. A popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon. The Giza Pyramid of Egypt, the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World, was granted an honorary site. In 2007 the foundation launched a similar contest, called New7Wonders of Nature, which will be (or, already was) the subject of voting until Nov. 11, 2011.
The Great Wall of China Petra Christ the Redeemer (statue) Machu Picchu ColosseumTaj Mahal Chichen Itza the Great Pyramids of Giza Click the name of the wonder to find it on the map. Then click the flag to find out more about the site. To Quizzes
Chichen Itza "El Castillo" (the castle) Back to the map Chichen Itza, a famous and wonderful monumental site. It was a major site for the Mayans and Aztecs. Columns in the Temple of a Thousand Warriors Great Ball Court Templo de los Guerreros (Temple of the Warriors) "El Caracol" observatory temple.
Machu Picchu Back to the map Machu Picchu ("Old Peak") is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca World. Huayna Picchu towers above the ruins of Machu Picchu Terraced Fields in the upper Agricultural Sector Temple of the Sun The Intihuatana ("sun-tier") is believed to have been designed as an astronomic clock or calendar by the Incas
According to Arab tradition, Petra is the spot where Moses struck a rock with his staff and water came forth, and where Moses' brother, Aaron, is buried, at Mount Hor, known today as Jabal Haroun or Mount Aaron. Petra was the main topic in John William Burgon's Poem Petra. To read the poem click here: Petra is known as the Rose-Red City for the colour of the rocks in which Petra is carved Petra Back to the map Byzantine mosaic in the Byzantine Church of Petra The narrow passage (Siq) that leads to Petra Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meaning rock) is a historical and archaeological city in Jordan that is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduits system. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourist attraction. The Treasury at Petra
It seems no work of Man's creative hand, by labour wrought as wavering fancy planned; But from the rock as if by magic grown, eternal, silent, beautiful, alone! Not virgin-white like that old Doric shrine, where erst Athena held her rites divine; Not saintly-grey, like many a minster fane, that crowns the hill and consecrates the plain; But rose-red as if the blush of dawn, that first beheld them were not yet withdrawn; The hues of youth upon a brow of woe, which Man deemed old two thousand years ago, match me such marvel save in Eastern clime, a rose-red city half as old as time. Referring to it as the inaccessible city which he had heard described but had never seen. The Poem was awarded the Newdigate Prize in 1845 : Back to Petra
Back to the map Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal ("crown of palaces") is a white Marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third and favourite wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. She was known as Mumtaz Mahal, which means "beloved ornament of the palace". The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." The Great gate (Darwaza-i rauza) gateway to the Taj Mahal Interior of the Taj Mahal mosque
Back to the map A view of the statue, as seen from a helicopter. A panoramic view of Christ the Redeemer at the top of Corcovado mountain. In the background is Sugarloaf Mountain (centre) and Guanabara Bay. and is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. A symbol of Christianity, the statue has become an icon of Rio and Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: Cristo Redentor) is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6 metres (130 ft) tall
Back to the map Today, the Colosseum is a background to the busy metropolis that is modern Rome. Colosseum The Colosseum, or the Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.
Back to the map The Great Pyramid of Giza (called the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact. Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) over an approximately 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at metres (480.6 ft), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years, the longest period of time ever held for such a record.
Back to the map The Great Wall of China One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains; the majority of the existing wall was built during the Ming Dynasty. The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups. Several walls have been built since the 5th century BC that are referred to collectively as the Great Wall, which has been rebuilt and maintained from the 5th century BC through the 16th century.
Click the picture to take a quiz about the site: The Ancient City of Petra Christ the Redeemer The Great Wall of China Colosseum Taj Mahal Chichen Itza Mysterious Machu Picchu Quit
In what modern-day country is Machu Picchu located? BoliviaChilePeru Andes In what mountain range is Machu Picchu located? PatagoniaAmazon What architectural feature is Machu Picchu widely known for? Mass graves Largest pyramids Precision stonework, with no mortar between stone joints What civilization is thought to have built Machu Picchu? AztecMayanIncan Jungle snakes, piranha flesh-eating fish, and poisonous spiders took a severe toll of the Spaniards The Spaniards never found it The Spaniards could not tolerate the high altitude chuMachuPic When the Spaniards invaded South America in the 16th century, they conquered all the other villages in this empire. Why was Machu Picchu left alone? Why was Machu Picchu abandoned? A disastrous fire destroyed much of the town The inhabitants were devastated by European disease caught from the Spaniards No one really knows, but these are all possibilities Click your answer. If you guess right letters from Machu Picchu will appear. Back to quizzes
Chichen Itza What does the name 'Chichen Itza' mean? The Chicken is hungry for Itza The God of Wealth, Human, and Itza Mouth of the Well of the Itza Is Chichen Itza one of the "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World"? YesNo Chichen Itza was built by the: Incas Mayans Spanish What are the buildings of Chichen Itza made of? Sandstone Granite Limestone Packed brick The largest, most prominent step pyramid at the center of Chichen Itza is called: El Castillo Tzompantli Ossario Back to quizzes
What was the main reason for constructing the Great Wall of China? Trade To keep citizens from immigrating to other countries Protection from barbarians Communication between towns How long is the Great Wall of China? Over 2,500 miles Over 6,000 miles Over 4,000 miles The Great Wall of China can be seen from the Moon. True How old is the Great Wall of China? Over 2,000 years Which Chinese Dynasty is responsible for the construction of most of the Great Wall of China? What percentage of the wall is still in good condition? 72% Back to quizzes XiangQinMing The Great Wall of China False Over 4,000 years Over 1,000 years 15% 31%
first called Petra "a rose-red city half as old as time. Israel the Romans On entering the City the modern-day visitor will be confronted by, one of the most dramatic of all Petra's buildings. Back to quizzes John William Burgon William BlakePercy Bysshe Shelley the TreasuryLion Fountainthe Al-zantur House The main entrance to Petra is called ; it has sides as high as 200 m. the Monastery" Petra the Siqthe Carmine Facade The last permanent residents left the ancient city. around AD 100 in the mid 1980's early 19th century Petra is in.Jordan EgyptLebanon The City was built by. the GreeksNabatean Arabs
In which Indian city is the Taj Mahal located? Which Mughal Emperor built the Taj Mahal? Of what material is the outside of the Taj Mahal mainly made? Which of these is NOT one of the only five things allowed to be brought into the Taj Mahal? When is the Taj Mahal open for night viewing? Back to quizzes Ludhiana Agra Nashik Thane AkbarShah JahanJahangirBabur Gray stoneWhite marbleIvoryGold painted stone Taj Mahal Still cameras Food in plastic bags Water in water bottles Cell phones One night before, the night of, and one night after the full moon Only the night of the full moon The night of the full moon, and the night after Two nights before, the night of, and two nights after the full moon
What event could spectators view at the Colosseum? Back to quizzes Gladiator Battles Naval Battles All of these Animal Hunts How many spectators is it estimated that the Colosseum could hold? 100,00050,000 60,00075,000 Although now commonly known as "The Colosseum", the building does have a more formal name. What is it? The Flavian Amphitheatre Trojan's Forum The Circus Maximus The Theatre of Marcellus What was the original purpose of the spectacles performed in the arena? To honour the dead To commemorate military victories To mark the proclamation of a new emperor All of these One impressive feature of the Colosseum was the "velarium". What was this? An awning to provide shade for the spectators The series of tunnels underneath the arena The entrance to the arena The emperor's box The Colosseum
The statue was completed in what year?Near what city is the statue located? What is the statue constructed of? The statue is located on: Back to quizzes marble sandstone concrete and limestone concrete and soapstone São Paulo Bogotá Mexico City Rio de Janeiro Corcovado Mountain Sugarloaf Mountain Mount Everest Mount Olympus RightThe statue of Christ the Redeemer is located at the top of Corcovado Mountain.Corcovado, meaning "hunchback" in Portuguese, is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 710-metre (2,329 ft) granite peak is located in the Tijuca Forest, a national park. It is sometimes confused with nearby Sugarloaf Mountain. Right Rio de Janeiro (River of January), commonly referred to simply as Rio, is the second largest city of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro is the most visited city in the southern hemisphere. The 2016 Summer Olympics will take place in Rio de Janeiro, which will mark the first time a South American city hosts the event. X X Right The monument of statue of Christ the Redeemer was inaugurated on the day of Our Lady of Aparecida, 12 Oct It was built from 1926 to 1931, with funds raised from donations. There's a chapel for 150 people on the base of the statue. X Right The statue is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone. The four- month restoration in 2010 involved one hundred people and used in excess of 60,000 pieces of stone, taken from the same quarry as the original statue. Maintenance work needs to be conducted periodically due to the strong winds and rain to which the statue is exposed. X