The political system of the USA2 Government Presidential Republic 50 states, centralized government in Washington Separation of powers
The political system of the USA3 Separation of powers Executive leading the affairs of the state Cabinet - President - Vice President - 15 ministers Legislative enacting and discussing laws Congress - House of Representatives (435) - Senate (100) Judiciary Pushing through the laws Supreme Court (=highest judicial body)
The political system of the USA4 State Government Each State has its own separate government There are 3 branches State governor State legislative State court Responsibilities Police Education Transport Social Welfare Health
The political system of the USA5 Congress: Power of the purse Can override presidential veto (2/3 majority) Power of impeachment Senate approves treaties and the presidents appointments Supreme Court: Power to declare laws and presidential actions unconstitutional The President: Power to veto Issues executive orders Commander-in- chief Appoints Federal Judges Grants Pardons for offenses against the US
The political system of the USA6 The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. It is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States. The United States Constitution is the oldest written constitution (when defined as a single document) still in use by any nation in the world.
The political system of the USA7 Political Parties Republican Party They believe in low taxation And little interference from the Federal Government. The encourage individuals to work hard and do not like welfare. A party for the rich and Middle Class.
The political system of the USA8 Republican Presidents Dwight Eisenhower Richard Nixon Gerard Ford
The political system of the USA9 Political Parties Democratic Party Believe it is the governments duty to distribute wealth Evenly. They introduce higher taxation and welfare benefits. Their support comes from urban areas and minorities.
The political system of the USA10 Democrat Presidents John F Kennedy Lyndon B Johnson Jimmy Carter Harry Truman
The political system of the USA11 Democrats and Republicans And Their Voters Democrats supported by majority of black voters (Clinton 83%) Urban ethnics Blue collar workers Catholics More women voters Northeast, upper midwest, northwest, Hawaii Protestant voters Business community White collar workers Religious fundamentalists
The political system of the USA12 Democrats and Republicans and Their Policies Democrats –Support welfare programs –Keynesian economics and job creating programs –Social security, Medicare and Medicaid –Civil Rights legislation –Womens right to abortion Rebublicans –Limiting federal regulation of business –Reduction in welfare spending –Anti-abortion
The political system of the USA13 Presidential elections Plurality voting system: The winner takes all! Election of a party in form of electors Elected electors represent the opinion of their state in the Electoral College The party with the most votes gets all the electoral votes of this state -> The parties have to look that they win in the states with a high amount of electors.
The political system of the USA14 Problem Parties and candidates try to get as many as possible votes in states with a high amount of electors and ignore the others The party with more than 270 electoral votes wins, though an other one has more votes of the people in fact (f.e. Bush vs. Gore)
The political system of the USA15 Barack Obama was elected the 44th President of the United States on Tuesday, November 4, 2008 Democratic Party is the first Black Man ever elected to the highest office in the United States
The political system of the USA16 Obamas policy
The political system of the USA17 Abortion Supports Strong supporter of Women's Rights, and is pro-choice. Voted against banning partial birth abortion. Gay Rights Supports Voted against the constitutional banning of gay marriage, believes each state should decide whether to ban gay marriage or not. Iraq War Opposes Has opposed going into Iraq the entire time. Wants to immediatley pull troops out of Iraq. Taxation Opposes Repeal President Bush's tax cuts to the wealthy, and would like to spend money on infrastructure and health care.
The political system of the USA18 Universal Health Care Supports Believe's every american deserves quality and affordable healthcare. Immigration States that immigrants that have been in America long should get a path to citizenship. Stronger border controls. Gun Control Opposes Supports stricter gun control, and ban on semi- automatic guns. Free Trade Wants to keep NAFTA and other free trade agreements intact, but revise by raising environmental and labor standards to protect American jobs and workers. Somewhat vague on the details of what specifically these revisions would call for