Презентация на тему: " Russian Orders Made by Anastasia Kameneva Gymnasium No.1 Form 8 a Advisor: L. Cherkashina Belgorod 2009." — Транскрипт:
Russian Orders Made by Anastasia Kameneva Gymnasium No.1 Form 8 a Advisor: L. Cherkashina Belgorod 2009
Aim The objective of my project is to attract publics attention to the history of Russian Orders.
I have created a computer presentation because it is eye-catching, interesting, unusual and bright. I have skimmed some historical books. I have read a few newspaper articles and have scanned Web sites related to my topic.
The Russian award system originated almost simultaneously with the formation of the Russian state. The customs of awarding a special sign of distinction for military exploits, a neck gold "grivna" (medallion), existed in Kiev Russ already in the 11th- 12th centuries. Later, in the I5th-16th centuries, the tradition of the mass awarding of special medals to all participants in a campaigns originated in Russia, and it was the only country in the world at the time to do so. Origin
The first Russian order, that of St. Andrew, was instituted at the very close of the 17th century by Peter the Great.
Yakov Vilimovich Bruce was one of the few military commanders to receive the St. Andrew Order for the victorious Battle of Poltava. It is the only surviving Russian star of the first half of the 18th century.
The St. Catherine Order for women appeared in Russia during Peter's reign. It was instituted in memory of events connected with the unsuccessful Prut campaign undertaken by the Russian army in 1711.
Order of Victory is the highest military award. It is founded by the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated November 8, The Order of Victory has only been awarded 20 times to 17 outstanding military leaders. The names of the first three holders were announced on April 10 of These were marshals Georgy Zhukov, Alexander Vasilevsky and Josef Stalin.
The Order of Victory is the biggest and most beautiful Soviet order. It is a 72 mm ruby star made of platinum and studded with 170 diamonds with a total weight of 16 carats.
Conclusion Firstly, it is a sign of courage. Secondly, it is recognition of mens services. I think it is very useful to know about Russian awards because we must proud of our heroes and our country. For us the Great Patriotic War has become a thing of the past. But is very important to remember the people who stood up for Russian in those years.
Bibliography 1. Durov V.A. Russian Orders, M:Sunday, Klementiva T.B. Happy English Titul Publishers C
5. the-red-star.htm Order of The Red Star Reference Page 6. awards.com/orders11.htm#order14 Soviet- Awards.com A non-commercial website 7. Russian language, non-commercial website