The Devil wears Prada Hi, sweetie, I crooned, hating myself for sucking up to a child. Its Andrea, from the office. Is your mom there? You mean my mum? she corrected as she always did when I used the American pronunciation. Sure, Ill get her. (by Lauren Weisbergen)
English speaking countries Dark Blue - Countries of the world where English is an official or national language. Light Blue - Countries where it is an official/non-official but not primary language.
British English history The 4 th century Low German Anglo Saxon Old English Middle English Modern English Church Latin Old Norse Scientific Latin and Greek Danish Norman French Other Languages
Some facts about English There were only 30,000 words in Old English. Modern English has the largest vocabulary in the world – more than 600,000 words. There are about 60,000 words in common use. About words are added to the English vocabulary every year.
Pronunciation AmericanBritish I dunnoI dont know Whaddyasay?What did you say? American [æ]British [ a: ] last – последний pass – проход half – половина task – задание
Spelling British formAmerican form -our vs. -or colourcolor -se vs. -ze analyseanalyze -l vs. -ll skilfulskillful British formAmerican form -ogue vs. -og dialoguedialog -que vs. -ck chequecheck -ence vs. –ense defencedefense
Grammar British participle: Get-got-got-получить American participle: Get-got-gotten-получить Did you see him yet? He just went out. Did you go there already?
Vocabulary BritishTranslationAmerican penknifeперочинный ножpocket knife dustbin/bin Мусорное ведроgarbage can bracesподтяжкиsuspenders caravanфургон; автоприцеп; передвижной дом на колесах trailer / camper / mobile home tapводопроводный кранfaucet guardкондукторconductor cloakroom attendantгардеробщицаhat-check girl
Idioms Throw the book at someone (досл. «запустить в кого-то книгой») The judge threw the book at the criminal who robbed the bank. (Судья вынес суровое наказание преступнику, который ограбил банк).Br.E. To finish until the deadline (досл. "закончить до мертвой черты") Youd better hurry up to finish your material until the deadline. (Вам бы лучше поторопиться, чтобы завершить свой материал к сроку).Am.E.
Values AmericansBritish people IndividualismConservatism Non-acceptance aristocracyDesire to support unlucky person MessianismHumour Ready for riskCompromise OptimismRestraint Ethics of successTactfulness PragmatismMessianism DemocratismClass system Work a lotInventiveness UndiplomaticalLike debates
Culture AmericansBritish Meeting Formal representation. A cup of coffee. Seat. Beginning. Formal representation. A cup of tea with cookies. Easy conversation for 10 minutes. Accidental beginning. Negotiations Quick profit from the transaction.Prepare the ground for long-term cooperation. Listening They are interested in technical details and deals. They do not like long speeches. A bit of humor and emotion in a speakers speech can attract their attention. Englishmen are accustomed to debate, thats why they listen carefully to prepare a meaningful response. Usually they do not interrupt a speaker, but sometimes they allow themselves to comment and ask questions to a speaker. Feedback is good.
Conclusion To sum up everything, I would like to say that I have revealed a great difference between two variants of English in my research work. I realize that we should make use of studying languages development and the history of the countries.
Exercise 1.Gasoline, gas 2.Railroad car 3.One way ticket 4.Round-trip ticket 5.Subway 6.Parking lot 7.Truck 8.Baggage 1.Tube, underground 2.Lorry 3.Petrol 4.Car park 5.Luggage 6.Return ticket 7.Single ticket 8.Railway carriage Connect American equivalents for the following British words (theme- journey). Answers: 1)3; 2)8; 3)7; 4)6; 5)1; 6)4; 7)2; 8)5