Презентация на тему: " Use of articles with place names Continents Cities Mountains Organizations Buildings …and other stuff." — Транскрипт:
Use of articles with place names Continents Cities Mountains Organizations Buildings …and other stuff
No Pains No Gains! Popular wisdom No Pains No Gains! Popular wisdom Hello, guys! Today we continue dealing with the biggest absurdity of English grammar articles. The use of the articles is one of the most difficult points in the language. Fortunately, most article mistakes do not matter to much. Even if we leave all the articles out of a sentence, it can usually be understood. However, its better to use the articles correctly if possible. (popular wisdom again)
So, lets start… Lets start with a history exam paper of one really smart guy The Egyptians were an ancient race of Caucasians residing in one of the northern sections of Africa. The latter as we all know is the largest continent in the Eastern Hemisphere. The Egyptians are extremely to us today for various reasons. Modern science would still like to know what the secret ingredients were that the Egyptians used when they wrapped up dead people so that their faces would not rot for innumerable centuries… [Holden Caulfield. The Cather in the Rye by J.D.Salinger]
As you can see there are some place names used in this text. The moment of truth: with some words we use the, with the others – not. Reasonable question: how come? The Egyptians Caucasians Africa The Eastern Hemisphere The Egyptians Caucasians Africa The Eastern Hemisphere
Time of boring rules Remember! We do not normally use the with place names
Continents and geographical areas: Africa, Europe, South America Countries: France, Japan, Switzerland States, regions: Texas, Ohio, Central Europe Cities, towns: Cairo, New York, Madrid
Dont forget about the exceptions! The Antarctic The Arctic The Argentine(but Argentina) The Crimea The Netherlands The Hague The Riviera The Ruhr
Streets, roads, squares and addresses: Oxford Street, Fifth Avenue, 24 North Street Parks: Hyde Park, Waterloo Bridge Buildings and institutions(the first word is the name of a person or a place): Kennedy Airport, Victoria Station, London Zoo But we say the White House, the Royal Palace
Mountains: Everest, Etna, Kilimanjaro Bays: Hudson Bay, Biscay Bay Islands: Corsica, Sicily, Bermuda, Malta Remember, buddy! We use mount and lake without the: Mount Everest, Mount Etna, Lake Superior
Names of the countries with the words kingdom, republic, states, union: the United Kingdom, the Dominican Republic Oceans, seas, rivers, canals: the Atlantic (Ocean), the Channel, The Nile Deserts: the Sahara, the Gobi Groups of islands: the Bahamas, the Canaries Mountain ranges: the Alps, the Himalayas
Hotels, restaurants, pubs: the Station Hotel, the Hilton, the Red Lion Theatres, cinemas: the Palace Theatre, the Odeon Cinema Museums, galleries: the British Museum, the Tate Gallery Newspapers: the Washington Post, the Guardian Organizations: the European Community, the BBC
Now its time for some practice You are just supposed to do some exercises… and thats all! Be attentive! Be cool! Be smart! Use your brains!
A, an, the or nothing? Choose the right answer. 1. Is __ Everest the highest mountain in the world? 2. Have you ever gone skiing in __ Alps? 3. There is __ Egyptian in my new class. 4. What is the capital of __ Netherlands? 5. He graduated from __ Yale University in They spent two months at __ Lake Ontario last year.
7. Brazil is the largest country in __South America. 8. __ Nile is the second-longest river in the world. 9. __ Fifth Avenue separates the East Side of Manhattan from the West Side 10. Amundsen and his companions reached __ South Pole on December 14, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia are in __ Eastern Hemisphere. 12. Visitors to __ Guggenheim Museum view paintings from a spiral ramp that goes from the main level to the top of the building.
Answers 1. Is Everest the highest mountain in the world? 2. Have you ever gone skiing in the Alps? 3. There is an Egyptian in my new class. 4. What is the capital of the Netherlands? 5. He graduated from Yale University in They spent two months at Lake Ontario last year. 7. Brazil is the largest country in South America. 8. The Nile is the second-longest river in the world. 9. Fifth Avenue separates the East Side of Manhattan from the West Side 10. Amundsen and his companions reached the South Pole on December 14, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia are in the Eastern Hemisphere. 12. Visitors to the Guggenheim Museum view paintings from a spiral ramp that goes from the main level to the top of the building.
Here are some geography questions. Use the if necessary Wheres Argentina? Of which country is Stockholm the capital? What is the smallest continent in the world? Which is the longest river in South America? Which river flows through London? Of which country is Bangkok the capital? South America Sweden Australia The Amazon The Thames Thailand
The Конец Thanks for attention! Alexei Buckovtsovs presentation All rights reserved