Travelling bands of Celts were the first to invade Britain. They brought with them new methods of forging metal, making things from iron ploughs and horse shoes to delicate jewellery.
From 43 AD until the end of the 4 th Century the Romans settled and integrated with local tribes. They brought with them their engineering and road construction skills, and built bridges, baths and heating systems.
The Germanic tribes of the Angles, Saxons, Frisians and Jutes colonised Southern England, establishing new settlements and cultivating the land.
The Vikings were superb boat builders. They introduced their heroic tales to Northern England and East Anglia, and possibly brought the game of chess.
The Normans conquered Britain in 1066, and imposed a legal and administrative system much of which still exists today.
M edieval Britain benefited from the immigration of Jewish businessmen, scholars and doctors.
In the 16 th century the Huguenots, fleeing from religious persecution in France, settled in London, Norwich and Canterbury. They brought their skills of silk weaving and silver- smithing.
In Victorian times the need to transport goods to and from the mills led to a rapid expansion of the transport system - work that was undertaken by labourers from Ireland.
Thousands of citizens from across the British Empire fought for Britain during the two world wars. At the end of the WW11 there was a shortage of workers, and many who had fought for Britain came to live here.
Doctors, nurses, teachers, bus drivers, factory workers etc. came from countries across the empire to help re-build Britain.
Nowadays where there is a shortage of dentists, doctors, builders, hotel workers or cleaners, it is often people from Eastern Europe who come to fill the gap.
Throughout the ages people have come to Britain, fleeing from poverty or war. In many cases they have been desperate, and prepared to take enormous risks.
Click here Headteacher Nasib Cheema, who came from the Punjab in India at the age of ten, tells her story.
What was Nasibs biggest problem at school? How did her father help her? What was the easiest subject for Nasib in her earliest days? Why? What similarities and differences were there between her education/life in India and in Britain? Why was Nasibs friend so important to her?How does Nasib say we should treat other people? How do you think Nasib might have benefited from this experience?
So we turn full circle. Perhaps Britain is a Great country to live in because of the influence of all the many different individuals, groups, races and cultures that have come here. They have established our systems of government, contributed to our pursuit of knowledge, added to our wealth, commerce and industry, and shaped our music, art, sport and diet.
Glossary immigrant - someone who has come from another country to live in Britain. descended - related by ancestry integrate - mix, come together colonise - settle, make your home somewhere persecute - bully, single out
Activities to complete this lesson include : Rate this lesson here.here Click on the image above to view and/or download learning activities. discussion questions for the video clip role play scenarios exploring English words adopted from other languages
If you enjoyed this lesson, why not try: The Golden Rule How all the major religions subscribe to the idea that we should behave towards others as we would like others to behave towards us. Belonging to Groups Groups we belong to and how they support us. The positive and negative aspects of groups. Anti-bullying. Team roles and tasks.
Useful Web Links Migration Histories - a detailed resource on the migration histories of,amongst others, Carribbean, Irish, Jewish, South Asian peoples to the U.Khttp://www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/histories/default.htm – an invaluable resource tracking 200 years of migration to the U.K including current debates, teaching resources, information, links and profileshttp://www.movinghere.org.uk great Black Britons and a list of invaluable educational resources and linkshttp://www.100greatblackbritons.com/links.html – Black History Monthhttp://www.black-history-month.co.uk - free online teaching resources and educational games for key stages 2-5 on amongst others, the end of the British Empirehttp://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/
Useful Web Links Migration, Refugees, Asylum - Refugee Action a national charity, an invaluable resource for links, learning and the voices of refugees to the U.Khttp://www.refugee-action.org.uk/information/Links.aspx - a young asylum seeker starts at a secondary school in Britain, a short animation with lesson pointers about the life, questions and issues of asylum seekers in the U.Khttp://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/citizenx/being/rights/animation.shtml 00/ stm - Lots of children have to claim asylum in the U.K, a selection of case studies, read about their new lives in the U.Khttp://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/club/your_reports/newsid_ / stm 0/ stm - a comprehensive guide to asylum for childrenhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_ /newsid_ / stm