Презентация на тему: " Project are done by: Marina Avagimyan Yana Emelianova Kristina Chasovskikh." — Транскрипт:
Project are done by: Marina Avagimyan Yana Emelianova Kristina Chasovskikh
Sir Joshua Reynolds Thomas Gainsborough William Hogarth
Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Joshua Reynolds (16 July 1723 – 23 February 1792) was an important and influential 18th century English painter, specialising in portraits and promoting the "Grand Style" in painting. He was one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy..Reynolds was born in Plympton, Devon, on 16 July As one of eleven children, and the son of the village school-master, Reynolds was restricted to a formal education provided by his father. He exhibited a natural curiosity. Showing an early interest in art, Reynolds was apprenticed in 1740 to the fashionable portrait painter Thomas Hudson, From 1749 to 1752, he spent over two years in Italy, where he studied the Old Masters and acquired a taste for the "Grand Style". From 1753 until the end of his life he lived in London, his talents gaining recognition soon after his arrival in France. Reynolds worked long hours in his studio, rarely taking a holiday. He was both gregarious and keenly intellectual. His popularity as a portrait painter, Reynolds enjoyed constant interaction with the wealthy and famous men and women of the day. With his rival Thomas Gainsborough, Reynolds was the dominant English portraitist of 'the Age of Johnson'. 12.It is said that in his long life he painted as many as three thousand portraits. In 1789 he lost the sight of his left eye. In 1791 James Boswell dedicated his Life of Samuel Johnson to Reynolds. Reynolds died on 23 February 1792 in his house in Leicester Fields in London. He was buried at St. Paul's Cathedral.
Thomas Gainsborough Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, on May 14, He showed artistic ability at an early age, and when he was 15 years old he studied drawing and etching in London with the French engraver Hubert Gravelot. Later he studied painting with Francis Hayman, a painter of historical events. Through Gravelot, who had been a pupil of the great French painter Antoine Watteau, Gainsborough came under Watteau's influence. Later he was also influenced by the painters of the Dutch school and by the Flemish painter Sir Anthony van Dyck. From 1745 to 1760 Gainsborough lived and worked in Ipswich. From 1760 to 1774 he lived in Bath, a fashionable health resort, where he painted numerous portraits and landscapes.Gainsborough settled in London the same year. He was the favorite painter of the British aristocracy, becoming wealthy through commissions for portraits. Gainsborough died in London on August 2, 1788.
William Hogarth William Hogarth was born on 10 November, He was the 5th child of Richard Hogarth, a schoolmaster and classical scholar from the north of England who had come to London in the mid-1680s. His fathers premature death in 1718 affected Hogarths early life, his training and forced him to earn money. He was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects". Much of his work poked fun at contemporary politics and customs; illustrations in such style are often referred to as "Hogarthian". His first works included a number of commissions for small etched cards and bookplates, and in 1721 he produced two inventive engraved allegories. With these topical prints The South Sea Scheme and The Lottery, which aroused considerable attention, he started his black-and-white satires which made him so widely known in Britain and abroad. His first success as a painter was in the conversational pieces, in which figure informal groups of family and friends surrounded by customary things from their everyday life.William Hogarth is unquestionably one of the greatest English artists and a man of remarkably individual character and thought. He is the great innovator in English art.