Lesson Objectives foster lexical and grammar skills; develop comparison-contrast strategies; activate scanning and monologue skills; mould environmental awareness.
Agenda scanning and entitling the text about the nature in Belarus; Chernobyl catastrophe facts and figures; watching a video report; the earthquake and tsunami in Japan; nuclear power station in Fucusima explosions and their aftermaths; watching a video report.
The Republic of Belarus has got over 10,000 lakes with their varied animal and plant kingdom. Everyone knows our famous lake Naroch, Braslav lakes. The republic has also got a great number of recreational areas with endless expanses of fields, meadows and swamps. Belavezhskaya Pushtcha is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest which once spread across the European Plain.
Chernobyl Nuclear reactor 4 crashed. As a result of it great area of the Belarusian territory became contaminated with radioactive particles. The contamination caused a rapid raise of such incurable illnesses as cancer. A lot of people died from leukemia. Nowadays 15% of the Belarusian territory isnt valid for consumption. The harmful effect of the tragedy according to some estimations amounts to $ 30 billion.
произошла авария в 4-м реакторе; Чернобыльская атомная электростанция; была заражена радиоактивными частицами; неизлечимая болезнь; предпринять меры; обеспечить социальную защиту пострадавшего населения; непригодная к использованию земля; ликвидация последствий.
It triggered tsunami which killed as many as 27, 000 people. Tsunami wave was as high as 15 meters. The worst hit was Kamaichi and the port town of Sendai as well as the nearest islands. At top speed, the tsunami travelled at 800km per hour.
people, including soldiers, coast guard and others, were initially deployed for emergency work. That figure rose to Damage estimates as high as $300 billion. Match the figures with the facts: 03/11/2011; 12; 27,000; 15; 3; 99; 10000; 03/26/2011; 03/12/2011.
3 nuclear power plants experienced problems with overheating reactors but 2 were brought under control, leaving all eyes focused on the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant where the tsunami overran the diesel powered generators, leading to the emergency shutdown of the reactors.
Since the reactor's cooling capability was limited, and the water inventory in the reactor was decreasing, engineers decided to use sea water to cool reactors. This process decreased the temperature of the fuel rods to a non-damaging level.
At the station, a sharp increase in background radiation was immediately registered which exceeds the rate of 10 thousand times. The cause of the explosion is linked to a loss of power and subsequent overheating caused by failures in the plant's cooling system. The Fukusima nuclear plant was badly damaged after this natural disaster.
As of late March 26, some 99 products, including milk and vegetables, had been found to be contaminated in Tokyo. Radiation has already seeped into vegetables, raw milk, the water supply and even seawater in areas surrounding the plant. Traces of radiation first detected in spinach and milk from farms km from the nuclear plant.