While traveling from Moscow to St. Petersburg we met pupils of our own age on the train. They had just visited the capital of our country and wanted to discuss some interesting facts from its history, its present and future. We were not very experienced in many historical events on the city. We were very ashamed and decided to find the answers to many questions. The more we worked over the history of Russia, the more became interested in it. Our teaches think that our future depends on as greatly and we agree with them.
Lets answer the first question: why was the city called Moscow? It borrowed this name from the river on the banks of which it is situated. But there is some more information about it. One of the most reliable is: the word Moscow came to us from the Slavic language. Many years ago the river was called Moscov ъ or Moscov ь that meant swampy, wet.
Moscow is believed to lie on seven hills: Borovitzkiy, Sretenskiy, Tverskoy, Treohgorniy, Lefortovskiy, Taganskiy and Vorobyovy Gory.
In ancient times the word red meant beautiful. It is a sacred place in Moscow. Red Square was established in the 15-th century, under the rule of Ivan the third, and was called Trinity Square after the Trinity Cathedral, which used to stand on the site where St. Basils Cathedral stands now.
It is very comfortable to travel by the Moscow Metro. It is the fastest method of traveling in the city. Some stations are very attractive with their architecture. Many of the stations, particularly on the Koltsevaya line, are worth visiting at slow times in the day. It isnt a subway, but why?
It is one of the oldest roads in the city and was first mentioned as early as 1493, in connection with a fire that started here in the Church of St. Nicholas. Pushkin himself lived here with his wife in house number 53 (the building has since been turned into a museum dedicated to the poet) and Tolstoy resided on the adjoining Kaloshin Lane.
The Old Arbat has the reputation of being Moscow's most touristy street, with lots of entertainment and souvenirs sold. It is distinct from the New Arbat, a street running parallel to it and lined with Soviet skyscrapers made of steel, concrete, and glass.
Kitai-Gorod is one of the oldest historical parts of Moscow. It joins the Kremlin from the east side, and Moscow river – from the south side. In the north it borders with Ryad, and in the north- east – with Old and New squares.
Kitai-Gorod was built up with stone constructions
Литература 1. Карамзин Н.М. ИСТОРИЯ ГОСУДАРСТВА РОССИЙСКОГО: Энциклопедия.- М.:ООО «Издательство «Эксмо», с. 2. Соловьев В.М. История России для детей и взрослых. – М.: Белый город, – 407 с. 3. Markova G. THE GREAT PALACE OF THE MOSCOW KREMLIN. – LENINGRAD.- AURORA ART PUBLISHERS, – 138 p. 4. Костомаров Н.И. Русская история в жизнеописаниях ее главнейших деятелей.- М.: Изд-во Эксмо, – 1024 с.
Авторы: Тюлейкина Ирина, Слепова Ксения, Новлянская Ольга, Акопян Анна. Место учебы : МОУ СОШ 4 Год создания презентации: 2009г. Руководитель – консультант: Тараканова Наталья Николаевна Предмет: английский язык Место работы: МОУ СОШ 4