Цели: 1) Знакомство с праздниками и традициями стран изучаемого языка; 2) Развитие интереса к изучению английского языка.
Traditions and Customs Christmas is celebrated in all over the world. In America people have many interesting Christmas traditions. They decorate Christmas trees and their homes, give presents to each other, have traditional Christmas dinner, watch pantomimes. Yuletide begins in the middle of December and ends on the 6 th of January. All children like this wonderful time because it is the time of much fun. Christmas Eve is on the 24 th of December. On this day everybody is busy and in a hurry. Offices close at 1 oclock, but the shops stay open late. Children hang their stockings and wait for Santa Claus.Boxing Day comes after Christmas Day. It is on the 26 of December. People visit friends or go to the theatre. Everybody gives and receives Christmas cards and Christmas boxes.
Symbols of Christmas 1. Christmas Tree Before Christmas people put the evergreen tree in their homes and decorate it. They place a large shining star at the top of the Christmas tree and many bright shining balls (red, blue, yellow, green, silver) from top to bottom. 2. Santa Claus The Dutch were the first to speak of a merry old man in red and white clothes, with eight flying reindeer. He lived near the North Pole, filled stockings with presents, and came down the chimney. They called him Sinte Klass. 3.Christmas Stockings In the evening of the 24th of December children hang their Christmas stockings on their beds or put them under the Christmas tree. Santa Claus puts presents into them. A Christmas stocking is not a real stocking. It is big and beautifully decorated.
4.Mistletoe and Holly Long ago the Druids used mistletoe to celebrate the coming of winter. They gathered this evergreen plant and decorate their homes. They believed the plant had special healing powers. Scandinavians also thought of mistletoe as a plant of peace and harmony. 5. Candy Canes Candy canes are decorated with red stripes and bent into the shape of a cane. They were sometimes handed out during church services to keep the children quiet. In the late 1800's a candy maker in Indiana wanted to express the meaning of Christmas through a symbol made of candy. 6. Poinsettias Poinsettias are native to Mexico. They were named after America's first ambassador to Mexico, Joel Poinsett. He brought the plants to America in The Mexicans in the eighteenth century thought the plants were symbolic of the Star of Bethlehem.
7.The Christmas Wreath The Christmas wreath, like the evergreens used as Christmas trees, symbolizes the strength of life overcoming the forces of winter. In ancient Rome, people used decorative wreaths as a sign of victory and celebration. 8.Christmas Dinner The preparation of special foods is an important part of the Christmas celebration throughout the world. Today, roast turkey is the most popular main course in the United States. 9.Yule Log One of the better-known traditions of Christmas is the burning of the Yule Log. The custom came to England from the Norse, who burned the juul in honor of the god Thor in pre-Christian times. According to tradition, each member of a family should sit on the log and salute it before it is lighted to assure good luck in the new year. 10. Gingerbread Gingerbread cookies and gingerbread houses are a popular symbol during the Christmas season. Gingerbread cookies were used to decorate the tree in the early days. Gingerbread houses were first made in Germany.
Рождественские стихи. On the Ice Slide, slide, the ice is strong. Quickly, quickly slide along! Slide along and dont be slow In the cold your face will glow! Slide along, slide very fast, Its a shame to be the last! Snow The snowflakes are falling By ones and by twos, There is snow on my coat And snow on my shoes. There is snow on the plants And snow on the trees, And snowflakes all round me Like many white bees. The snowman The snowman. Come to the garden And play in the snow Make a white snowman And help him to grow! What a nice snowman! The children will say. What a fine game For a cold winter day! We Make a Snowman. We make a snowman Big and round, big and round, Big and round! We put the snowman On the ground, on the ground, On the ground!
Around the Christmas Tree. Singing, dancing merrily, Round the Christmas Tree. Merrily, merrily, merrily, Round the New Year Tree! Merry Christmas, My friends! Merry Christmas today! Let us dance hand in hand I will show you a way! Snow. The cold, white snow falls softly down On the tree tops fare and brown, In the still night, when alls asleep, Falling, falling thick and deep, In the country, in the town, Falling, falling softly down! At the Christmas Party. Christmas Day, happy day! We are all glad and gay! We all dance, and sing and say Welcome, welcome, Christmas Day!
Загадки.Загадки.Загадки.Загадки. I am cold, I am white, I am funny. I live in winter. I dont live in summer. I have a head, eyes, a nose, arms. But I am not a man. I am made of snow. What am I? What year has only one day? What man cannot live in the house? A little old woman with 12 children: some short, some long, some cold, some hot! What is it? What is it that we have in December that we dont have in any other month? Which month of the year is the shortest? It is white. It is cold. You can ski on it. What is it? You can ski on it. What is it?
Викторина. Что за праздник Рождество. Что отмечается? Как люди украшают свои дома перед Рождеством? Что любят делать дети? Почему в канун Рождества люди сжигают в камине Рождественское полено?
Что представляет собой «Рождественский чулок» - для чего он нужен? Почему символом Рождества стала малиновка (robin) – красногрудая птичка? Что обычно подают к Рождественскому обеду?
Что обычно проходит в Рождество? Почему 26 декабря называется Boxing Day? Что люди делают в этот день? Как называется промежуток середины декабря до 6 января?
Письмо Санта Клауса. Напиши письмо Санта Клаусу(на английском) и отправь по адресу
«Jingle, Bells!» Песня «Jingle, Bells!» Jingle, bells! Jingle all the way! Oh what fun it is to ride In a one-horse open sleigh. # Dashing through the snow In a one-horse open sleigh, Oer the fields we go, Laughing all the way! # Bells, on bob-tail ring, Making spirits bright. What fun it is to ride and sing A sleighing song tonight
We Wish You a Merry Christmas We wish you a merry Christmas, And a happy New Year! Let`s all do a little clapping, And spread Christmas cheer!
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