Косвенная речь- речь, передаваемая не слово в слово, а только по содержанию, в виде дополнительных придаточных предложений. am/is – was are – were am/is going to – was going to have/has – had go – went went – had gone can – could will – would shall – should may – might must – had to
Указательные местоимения и наречия времени и места в прямой речи заменяются в косвенной речи по смыслу другими словами, как и в русском языке: this - that these - those Now - then Today - that day tomorrow - the next day Yesterday - the day before ago - before next year - the next year Here - there last - the previous
Если глагол в главном предложении стоит в Present Tenses, то глагол в косвенной речи в прид. предл. остается в том же времени что и в прямой речи: Прямая речь He says, I sent them the letter. Он говорит : Я послал им письмо. Косвенная речь He says, that he sent them the letter. Он говорит, что он послал им письмо.
Если в словах, вводящих прямую речь, употреблен глагол to say без дополнения, указывающего на лицо, к которому обращаются, то to say сохраняется. А если после to say есть дополнение, то to say заменяется на to tell.
Прямая речь He says, She will come in the evening. Он говорит: Она придет вечером. My aunt says to me,You should work every day Моя тетя говорит мне Ты должна работать каждый день Косвенная речь He says, that she will come in the evening. Он говорит, что она придет вечером. My aunt tells me to work every day. Моя тетя говорит мне работать каждый день.
Личные и притяжательные местоимения заменяются по смыслу, как и в русском языке: Прямая речь Marry says, He has taken my dictionary. Мария говорит: Он взял мой словарь. Косвенная речь Marry says that he has taken her dictionary. Мария говорит, что он взял её словарь.
Если глагол в главном предложении стоит в Past Tenses, то время глагола прямой речи заменяется в косвенной речи другим временем в соответствии с правилом посл. времен. Прямая речь She said, He is reading. He said to Fred: I can t swim. I said, It doesnt snow here Marry said to Terry, We play basketball in the gym Косвенная речь She said he was reading. He told to Fred, that he couldn t swim. I said it didnt snow here. Marry told to Terry they played basketball in the gym.
СЛЕДУЩИЕ МОДАЛЬНЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ НЕ МЕНЯЮТ СВОЕЙ ФОРМЫ: would, could, might, ought to, should I would like a cup of coffee. He said he would like a cup of coffee I couldnt be at the wedding ceremony.She said she couldnt be at the wedding ceremony It might snow today.The weatherman said it might snow today You really ought to do the test.The teacher said I really ought to do the test
He said: I am a construction engineer. I dont work in Yahoo. I work in Google. Im not an accountant.
He said: Im cleaning my flat today. She isnt dancing in the show. Im not going to the office today. Mary is singing in the show.
He said: Gary has called yesterday. Ive already read that book. I can run fast. There may not be any sugar left. I havent heard of that film before. He hasnt left any messages though. I cant play chess. There may be a traffic jam.
He said: Celine and Lee have been walking through the forest. He hasnt been working. Jeff has been running. They havent been shopping.
He said: I saw my ex-boyfriend. I wasnt late. I will mop the floor. I didnt see the robbery. I arrived on time. I wont come.
"I think the film was a huge success" - said Peter. Peter said that.... A) she thought the film had been a huge success. B) he thinks the film was a huge success. C) he thought the film was a huge success. D) he thought the film had been a huge success.
"I`ll come to the meeting", - Tom said to me. Tom promised me that... come to the meeting. A) I will B) I would C) he will D) he would E) if he would
He said: "I can speak English very well". He said that he... English very well. A) can speak B) could speak C) will speak D) may speak E) have to speak
She said: "I have been waiting for you since five o`clock." She said that she... for me since five o`clock. A) have been waiting B) had been waiting C) has been waiting D) will have waited E) was waiting
Please close the window, my son", - asked mother. Mother asked her son... the window. A) does close B) to close C) closed D) will close E) had closed
Interview with a wild life photographer Mark Did you always want to be a wildlife photographer? Maria To be honest I never planned it as a career. I was a marine biologist when I started taking photographs. Mark What do you enjoy most about your job? Maria Well, I love photographing unusual or endangered animals. At the moment I am planning to photograph pandas in China. Mark What is the most remote* place you have been to? Maria Last year I went to Antarctica. It took several days to get there. Mark Have you had any dangerous experiences? Maria Once in Africa I was in my jeep when a huge elephant charged towards me. Mark What did you do? Maria Well, there was no chance of escape, so I just took a picture. Fortunately, at the last moment the elephant stopped and disappeared into the bush. Mark What advice would you offer to young wildlife photographers? Maria Don't take unnecessary risks and try to be patient. It can sometimes take days to get the right picture. *remote = far away from where people live
Now report the conversation. He asked her 1 if she had always wanted to be a wildlife photographer. She explained that He wanted to know She replied that she loved photographing unusual or endangered animals and that He asked her She told him that It had taken several days to get there. He wanted to know She answered that He wanted to know She told him that He asked her She said and to try and be patient. She explained that