OSCAR WILDE And the wild regrets, and the bloody sweats, None knew so well then I: For he who lives more lives than one More deaths than one must die. - презентация
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OSCAR WILDE And the wild regrets, and the bloody sweats, None knew so well then I: For he who lives more lives than one More deaths than one must die. Excerpt from: The Ballad of Reading Gaol
OSCAR WILDE Nineteenth-century Irish-born writer and intellectual Oscar Wilde led an eccentric life that fueled his witty satires and epigrams on Victorian society. A member of the aesthetic movement in literature, Wilde advocated the idea of art for arts sake. This selection comes from The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a poem inspired by the 18-month period Wilde spent in jail.Gaol
OSCAR WILDE: IRISH BORN NOVELIST, PLAYWRIGHT, POET AND CRITIC. Birth: October 16, 1854; Death: November 30, 1900 Place of Birth Dublin, Ireland 1878 Graduated from the University of Oxford with a degree in classics 1881 Published Poems, a collection of poetry January - October 1882 Lectured on English aestheticism in the United States and Canada 1882 Vera, or the Nihilists, his first play, is produced in New York but is not successful 1891 Published his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which portrayed the moral decay of its title character February
1892 The play Lady Windermere's Fan, the first of four successful comedies, opened in London. June 1892 Rehearsals for the play Salomé were halted by the British censor because of a law forbidding the representation of Biblical characters on stage The Importance of Being Earnest, the last and most popular of his comedies, was produced in London. May 1895 Was convicted of homosexual acts following three sensationalized trials and received a sentence of two years' hard labor 1897 Released from prison, Wilde left immediately for France where he lived the rest of his life, publishing only the poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898).
DID YOU KNOW THAT… Wilde's most popular plays satirized the English upper classes- the very audience for whom they were intended. Wilde's mother was a poetess and Irish nationalist known as Speranza. Wilde's full name was Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, in deference to his Irish heritage.deferenceheritage Although a proficient and versatile writer, Wilde only wrote one novel during his lifetime: The Picture of Dorian Gray, published in 1891.versatile
DID YOU KNOW THAT Went on a lecture tour throughout the United States, London and Canada to teach aesthetic values in Regarded as one of the greatest playwrights of the Victorian Era, Wilde wrote and produced nine plays. Nine biographies have been written on Wilde since his death, one of them by his grandson, Merlin Holland, in 1997.
INTERESTING FACTS As an aesthete, the eccentric young Wilde wore long hair and velvet knee breeches. His rooms were filled with various objets dart such as sunflowers, peacock feathers, and blue china; Wilde claimed to aspire to the perfection of the china. His attitudes and manners were ridiculed in the comic periodical Punch and satirized in the Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera Patience (1881).breechesaspire
INTERESTING FACTS In 1895, at the peak of his career, Wilde became the central figure in one of the most sensational court trials of the century. The results scandalized the Victorian middle class; Wilde, who had been a close friend of the young Lord Alfred Douglas, was convicted of homosexual offenses. Sentenced in 1895 to two years of hard labor in prison, he emerged financially bankrupt and spiritually downcast.
INTERESTING FACTS Wildes most distinctive and engaging plays are the four comedies Lady Windermeres Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), all characterized by adroitly contrived plots and remarkably witty dialogues. Wilde, with little dramatic training, proved he had a natural talent for stagecraft and theatrical effects and a true gift for farce.adroitly contrived plots
Choose the correct answer Where was Oscar Wilde born? a) In England In England b) In Ireland In Ireland c) In Wales In Wales
Choose the correct answer What novel did he publish in 1891? a) The picture of Dorian GrayThe picture of Dorian Gray b) Lady Windermere's FanLady Windermere's Fan c) A Woman of no importanceA Woman of no importance
Choose the correct answer What period of his life inspired him to write a poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol ? a) His marriageHis marriage b) Friendship with Lord Alfred DouglasFriendship with Lord Alfred Douglas c) ImprisonmentImprisonment
Fill in the gaps 1. Wilde advocated the idea art for …… sake. a) Hearts b) arts c) humans Hearts b) arts c) humansHearts b) arts c) humans 2. As an aesthete, the eccentric young Wilde wore long hair and velvet knee….... a) Breeches b) pants c) kilts Breechespants kiltsBreechespants kilts 3. Which of his plays was not successful? a) A Woman of no importance; a) A Woman of no importance; b) Vera or Nihilists Vera or Nihilists a) A Woman of no importance; Vera or Nihilists c) An Ideal husband An Ideal husbandAn Ideal husband
Fill in the gaps 4. Wilde's full name was Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, in deference to his Irish……. a) Life b) relatives c) heritage LiferelativesheritageLiferelativesheritage 5. Wilde became the central figure in one of the most sensational court ……of the century. a) Trials b) performances c) processions TrialsperformancesprocessionsTrialsperformancesprocessions 6. Wilde is known as proficient and ……writer. a) Wonderful b) innovative c) versatile WonderfulinnovativeversatileWonderfulinnovativeversatile
Fill in the gaps 7) Where did Wilde lecture on aestheticism? a) In Europe b) In Australia c) In Canada In Europe In Australia In CanadaIn Europe In Australia In Canada 8) 1892 Rehearsals for the play Salomé were halted by the British censor because of a law forbidding the representation of ……characters on stage. a) Upper class characters b) Biblical c) Catholic Upper class characters Biblical CatholicUpper class characters Biblical Catholic 9) Sentenced in 1895 to two years of hard labor in prison, he emerged financially … …and spiritually……. 9) Sentenced in 1895 to two years of hard labor in prison, he emerged financially … …and spiritually……. a) betrayed, lost b) empty, down c) bankrupt, downcast betrayed, lost empty, down bankrupt, downcastbetrayed, lost empty, down bankrupt, downcast