Christmas plant symbols Presentation Made by the students of Grade 8 A, Rovnoe Secondary school A.Vershinin, M. Mysyagina, A. Verdian, A. Martirosian
Цель работы: Выяснить, какие растения и почему являются символами христианского Рождества. Сравнить рождественские растения Великобритании с растениями, украшающими российские дома во время новогодних и рождественских праздников.
Christmas trees The tradition to decorate a New Year tree didnt appear in Russia. It started when people believed in the magic of trees and plants. According to the legends people went to the forest and decorated there the biggest fir-tree asking spirits to be kind to them. The decoration of the European fir-tree has the same origin. When people decorated trees with apples they thought that the next year would bring them a rich harvest. In Russia the tradition to decorate homes with fir- tree branches was introduced by Peter I, then in 1830s people put at their homes whole fir-trees. The first Christmas tree was put in the square in In1918 Christmas trees were banned because of their religious origin. During 17 years our country didnt have holiday trees and only in 1949 January I became a holiday having substituted Christmas.
The Christmas tree originated in Germany in the 16th century. It was Martin Luther, the founder of a new religion, who first introduced a new custom. He brought home an evergreen tree and decorated it with candles which he lit on Christmas Eve. They represented the stars in the sky shining at Christs birth night.
Christmas trees in Britain The Christmas tree gained popularity in England under Queen Victoria, because of the influence of her husband, Prince Albert, who was German.
Holly, Mistletoe and Other Evergreens Evergreens have been a part of mid-winter festivals long before Christmas. They played a symbolic part because they stayed green and alive when other plants appeared dead and bare. They symbolized everlasting life and hope for the return of spring. In Britain the most popular Christmas evergreens are holly, mistletoe and poinsettia.
Пуансеттия Poinsettia is a very nice Mexican plant, which is often used for Christmas decorations. Thanks to the form of its leaves poinsettia has become the symbol of the Bethlehem star and is associated with Christmas. Poinsettia (Пуансеттия )
Holly (Остролист) Holly is another popular Christmas symbol. According to some versions, Jesus Christs crown was made of the holly, and its berries which were primarily white became red because of the Saviors blood. This plant remains green and nice even in winter when the nature loses its bright colours.
Mistletoe (Омела ) Now mistletoe is one of the main Christmas symbols, though at first the church prohibited to use it for decorating homes on account of the pagan legends connected with this plant. In the 19 th century before the Christmas tree in England there was a so called branch of kisses. It was made in the form of a double ring decorated with green garlands, ivy, apples, pears, lit candles and mistletoe. If a girl happened to stand under it she was allowed to be kissed.
This reminds us that we need to cling to God for support in our lives. It has to cling to something to support itself as it grows. Ivy (плющ)