Russian Economic Report No. 24 Zeljko Bogetic Lead Economist and Coordinator for Economic Policy for Russia, The World Bank March 30, 2011 Moscow Sustaining. - презентация
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Презентация на тему: " Russian Economic Report No. 24 Zeljko Bogetic Lead Economist and Coordinator for Economic Policy for Russia, The World Bank March 30, 2011 Moscow Sustaining." — Транскрипт:
Russian Economic Report No. 24 Zeljko Bogetic Lead Economist and Coordinator for Economic Policy for Russia, The World Bank March 30, 2011 Moscow Sustaining Reforms Under the Oil Windfall
OUTLINE I.Recent Economic Developments and Policies II.Russias Outlook for III.Policy Challenges
Global Environment Global risks increased –Slowdown after the 2010 bounceback –The new oil shockoil above $100 pb –Aftereffects of the earthquake in Japan But the underlying growth of the global economy remains solid.
Despite some deceleration, growth in developing countries remains robust Global Industrial production Source: Global prospects, World Bank.
Instability in the Middle East may be affecting capital flows and risk perceptions Capital flows to developing countries Source: Global prospects, World Bank.
RUSSIAS RECENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS AND MACRO POLICIES IN 2010 Economic growth (4%)--driven by inventory restocking and exports Labor markets and poverty––gradually improving Balance of payments––stronger because of high oil prices Monetary policy–– inflation concerns Fiscal policy––return of the oil curse?
Russias economy grew 4.0 percent in 2010, driven largely by a sharp rebound in investment demand and growth in tradable industries Source: World Bank staff calculations based on Rosstat data. GDP growth by main sectors (value added): 2006– GDP growth Tradable sector Agriculture, forestry Extraction industries Manufacturing Nontradable sector Electricity, gas, and water production and distribution Construction Wholesale and retail trade Transport and communication Financial services
Labor markets – gradually improving with limited effect of seasonal unemployment Labor productivity, disposable income, wages, and unemployment Source: Rosstat. a Data for the first half of Jan– Dec GDP growth (%, y-o-y) Total employment (million people) Employment growth (%, y-o-y) Labor productivity growth (%, y-o-y) Real disposable income growth (%, y-o-y) Real wage growth (%, y-o-y) Average monthly wage (US$) Unemployment b (%, end of period)
Russias poverty rates have been broadly flat in 2009 and continued to fall in 2010
Balance of payments––stronger because of high oil prices Balance of payments (USD billions), 2007–2010 Source: CBR. a Preliminary estimates a Q a Q a Current account balance Trade balance Capital and financial account Errors and omissions Change in reserves (+ = increase)
Monetary and exchange rate policy Inflation concerns result in CBR tightening monetary conditions The exchange rate management complicated by a possible return of speculative capital inflows with high oil prices gradual credit recovery under way CBR has further widened the exchange rate corridor Stock of credits to companies and households in 2007–10 Source: CBR; World Bank staff estimates.
Increases in food prices contributed to inflation in June 2010-Feb 2011 period
Fiscal policy––return of the oil curse? 2011*2012*2013* Revenues (Consolidated) 34,834,033,2 Of which Federal budget 17,617,016,8 Expenditures (Consolidated) 38,937,636,3 Of which Federal budget 21,120,119,7 Federal budget Non-oil deficit -11,6-10,5-9,8 Federal budget balance -3,5-3,1-2,9 Consolidated budget balance -4,2-3,6-3,1 Medium term fiscal framework (in percent of GDP) *Draft Budget 2011 – Source: World Bank staff estimates based on draft budget documents, the Ministry of Finance.
Strengthening Aggregate fiscal discipline The government expects in the medium term to gradually reduce the fiscal deficit from budgeted 4.1 percent of GDP in 2010 to 2.9 percent in 2013 This is a reasonable plan, but the budget remains vulnerable to new expenditure pressures. And non-oil fiscal deficit will decline only gradually A more ambitious fiscal adjustment might be needed to strengthen Russias budgets capacity to deal with new shocks--reduce non-oil fiscal deficit faster to the long-term sustainable level Both revenue and expenditure measures will be needed 14
Measures to implement a more ambitious fiscal adjustment –Further broadening the non-oil tax base (e.g., increasing excises on tobacco, alcohol, vehicle licenses; revisiting VAT exemptions and some mineral extraction tax preferences). –Strengthening results monitoring systems to monitor target indicators of public programs. –Continue strengthening public expenditure management and controls –Reducing non-priority and unproductive expenditures e.g., crisis-related subsidies supporting select sectors of the economy. –Increasing the targeting of social assistance programs. –Taking steps to ensure the long-term sustainability of the pension system –Supporting structural reforms in the education and health sectors. –Implementing systematic annual public expenditure reviews to improve effectiveness of public expenditures
Russias non-oil fiscal deficit under alternative adjustment scenarios (in percent of GDP)
Global Environment for Russia, (real GDP growth, %) Source: Global Prospects for world growth; Russian Economic Report for Russia, The World Bank (actual) 2010 (actual) World High-income countries Developing countries Russian Federation
The beginning of 2011 brought about a new global oil supply shock World Bank oil price forecast. Average crude (Brent, Dubai and WTI), simple average, $/bbl
Outlook for Russia: Source: Russian Economic Report, The World Bank GDP growth (%) Consolidated government balance (% of GDP) Current account (US$ billions)6728 Capital account (US$ billions)1319
Demand Sources of Russias Growth Demand sources of Russias real growth, by quarter, 2008–10 (percent change year to year) Source: Rosstat; World Bank staff estimates.
In Sum … Solid growth, the new oil windfall: - Solid growth (4% in 2010), accelerating to 4.4% in Lower than expected unemployment (7.6%) and poverty (12.7%) - Higher export and fiscal revenues Policy initiatives: - Progress on WTO - Privatization - Effectiveness of public expenditures Concerns: - Fiscal policy risk risingpotentially escalating expenditures during political cycle - Delays in structural reforms
Policy challenges Reducing inflation Implementing medium-term fiscal adjustment towards sustainable non-oil fiscal deficit (4.3% of GDP). Improving the efficiency of public expenditure to create fiscal space for productive infrastructure Strengthening the investment climate for the private sector remain among key long-term challenges. Strengthening skills and institutions