Презентация на тему: " Central depositories in the future world of depository services and settlement Boris Cherkassky Yerevan, 6 October 2011." — Транскрипт:
Central depositories in the future world of depository services and settlement Boris Cherkassky Yerevan, 6 October 2011
2 Ancient history 22 These two functions cannot be separated as this produces complicated and inefficient settlement systems Changes in the settlement infrastructure were caused by the market demand for effective settlement and safekeeping People used to live in caves and did not have securities at all Then appeared the bills And then came the shares, bonds and all the rest But first everything was in a paper form Later on securities became registered, there appeared registrars and first depositories started to emerge
End of 80s – Report of the Group of Thirty Central Securities Depository concept becomes acknowledged Many CSDs were established during these years National settlement systems are established around CSDs though there isnt any standard construction Advantages and disadvantages of a CSD Its nice to be a monopolist, even a small one ICSDs are giants in a country with people of different statures, but mostly not very tall 3 The 90s – Golden age for Central Securities Depositories 33 Many of our CSDs are still living in the golden age Some of them have not even lived up to this age
A unified standard of building up a settlement system has not been elaborated yet (unlike the banking system). Why? CSD plus custodians is a standard and popular two-level settlement system Registrars role in the settlement system Wholesale and retail CSDs CSD de jure and de facto Clearing, CCP and other animals CREST and CHESS are something special! Plurality of CSDs: vertical structures or a set of circumstances? Transformation of settlement systems (Belarus, Uzbekistan, Georgia?, Ukraine?, Russia?) 4 What types of settlement systems exist 44 Its hard to say which of the settlement systems is better. There is no ideal one. Each of them is an evidence of circumstances. However…
555 Signs of the end of the golden age Competition with custodians: what are special things that we cannot do as well as they do?! Pandora box is open – roles started to intermix Cross-border interaction. Inefficiency of CSDs. Interdepository relations and correspondent accounts Each ICSD has its own destiny. Complaints about high prices and inefficiency An ICSD is not a competitor to a CSD? Consolidation is no picnic Global custodians are serious transnational institutions. However, they prosper thanks to inefficiency and diversity of settlement systems The show has been started!
6 Life in the time of changes 66 You wouldn't wish to live in the time of changes on your worst enemy! Financial integration of Europe. Euro, ECB, cash settlement systems (Target, Target2), Giovannini Barriers, MiFID, Code of Conduct – craving for centralization. Euroclear + Clearstream were unable to become a European CSD. There is a strong demand for effective cross-border settlement, and the nature abhors the vacuum. ECB: whats special about CSDs that is impossible for us to do?! The uprise of the project of an international settlement network T2S – great and terrible. But T2S is not a European CSD as well. Furthermore, the project requires sufficient capital investment and has not been launched yet. The launch dates are postponed.
7 Life in the time of changes (2) 77 You wouldn't wish to live in the time of changes on your worst enemy! (2) CSDs are worried about their future. Do they have a chance to survive and preserve independence? The golden age is over but there is probably a chance… LinkUPMarket – an alternative to T2S or just an addition? CSDs are stuck in a competitive environment: above are international settlement systems, and below are custodians that are tired of CSDs monopolism
Monopoly is over. No more need to be afraid of competition Efficiency, client focus, services, fees Banking service, clearing (without a CCP), reporting, related services CSD – an element of state sovereignty It is necessary to form not only political groups but also operational and technological ones. This is the only way to survive To find a reasonable level of integration allowing to remain independent. To achieve efficiency by combined efforts LinkUPMarket – a soft integration scheme: there is much to think about Regional centers integrated into international settlement networks CSDs should take a key position in the future world of settlement and depository services 8 How can CSDs survive 88