ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского хозяйства ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского. - презентация
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Презентация на тему: " ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского хозяйства ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского." — Транскрипт:
ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского хозяйства ГБОУ РС(Я) «Олекминский техникум механизации и электрификации сельского хозяйства Meals Преподаватель: Корнилова Галина Афанасьевна
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Исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные В английском языке есть исчисляемые ( поддающиеся счёту ) и неисчисляемые ( неподдающиеся счёту ) существительные. В единственном числе перед исчисляемыми существительными употребляется неопределённый артикль a/an, а перед неисчисляемыми - местоимение some ( немного, несколько ) a carrot/ an apple some milk
СOUNTABLE NOUNS СOUNTABLE NOUNS are things that we can count. one dog two dogs
English Table Manners The Englishman keeps the knife in his right hand, the fork in the left. When he finishes his meal, he puts the knife and the fork on the plate. It is not polite to take the biggest piece. Leave the biggest piece for someone else, because others like the dish, too. Dont put your elbows on the table. Put the napkin on your lap. It is not polite to leave the table during a meal. Cut your meat into small pieces, one piece at a time. It is not polite to leave a spoon in a tea cup. Put your spoon on the saucer. Dont eat from your knife. Dont talk with your mouth full. Never read while eating. Take a slice of bread from the bread plate with your hand. Dont take your bread with a fork. It is polite to finish everything on your plate and to take more if you want it. If youre visiting a family, you should offer to help clear the table and wash up the dishes after a meal.
Yakut National Meals Meat dishes The cold severe climate of the Sakha land requires food rich in calories and vitamins. Meat and fish are the staples of the northern peoples diet. Stewed meat. Meat is slowly stewed in its own juice along with salt, pepper and onions in a closed dish. It is usually served with potatoes, noodles or macaroni. Frozen raw liver. Sliced while hard and frozen, it is served with salt, pepper and green onion. It is considered to have a healing effect for some stomach and blood diseases. Fish dishes Fish is one of the main sources of calories and vitamins for the northern people. It can be cooked and preserved in different ways: salted, smoked, frozen, stewed, boiled, fried, roasted on a spit and baked in an oven usually as a fish pie. Fish soup with rice, potatoes and fried onion is simple to make and very tasty. Fried crucian. The thoroughly washed and scaled crucian, separated from the gills, fins, bile and intestines, salted and peppered, is rolled in flour and fried in a hot deep iron skillet. Frozen raw fish (stroganina). Only the best and fat sorts of large fish like omul, white salmon, sturgeon, etc. can be eaten frozen. Hard, frozen fish fillet is sliced into thin curved pieces and served with salt, pepper, mustard or spicy sauce. Vocabulary: staple- зд. основной, stewed- тушеный, noodles- лапша, sliced- порезанный ломтиками, to consider- полагать, healing- лечебный, disease- болезнь, roasted- испеченный, spit- слюна, gills-жабры, fins-плавники, bile-желчь, intestines-тонкая кишка, salmon-лосось, sturgeon- осетр.
Dairy Products Kymys was regarded a bukhatyrs drink. Believed to have a healing and purifying power, there were special rituals for the drinking of kymys. This famous drink was made in a special leather container called a simir. This large vessel was made of a nature horses skin, processed in a special way, smoked and smeared with butter. The leather containers were waterproof, air tight and could keep the contents at an unchanging temperature like modern thermos flasks. The best and strongest kymys was always made of mares milk. There are many different recipes. Ingredients: 6-7 litres of water with bread yeast (fermented), 2 litres of mares milk, 200 g of cream, 500 g of brown bread crusts, 3 kg of crushed wheat grain. Mix and churn ingredients, seal in an oak barrel. Let sit for ten hours, churning from time to time. Allow to sit for a final 4-5-hours. Kyorchekh (whipped cream). Ingredients: milk-250g, 35%fat cream-900g, sugar-100g. Churn milk, cream, sugar and jam (or fresh berries). It is one of the Sakha peoples favorite dishes for breakfast or dessert. Frozen kyorchekh is really more delicious than any ice-cream! Vocabulary: to regard- считать, purifying-очищенный, leather-кожа, vessel-сосуд, smeared-смазанный, air tight- воздухонепроницаемый, mare-кобыла, yeast- дрожжи, crust-корка, grain-крупа, to churn-взбалтывать, to seal-закрыть плотно, barrel-бочка.
New words: Recipes- Рецепты to take- взять to put- положить to add- добавить to mix- перемешать to cut- резать to roll-катать (тесто) to boil- варить, кипятить to bake- печь to fry- жарить to heat- нагревать to stew- тушить to grate- натереть (на терке) to lay-положить to rub with oil- смазать маслом to combine- смешать oven- духовка, плита pan-сковорода baking sheet- противень dough- тесто рiece- кусок greenery-зелень yeast- дрожжи
The Recipes of Delicious Dishes The Recipes of Delicious Dishes Stuffed cabbage rolls with meat. Ingredients: 1 lb. ground meat 1 cup rice, washed 1 cabbage, cored 2 fresh tomatoes, chopped 1 fresh paprika, chopped carrot, grated onion, chopped Salt, ground pepper: red and black, dill, greenery - to taste 1/4 cup oil cup water tbsp flour Method: 1. Put cabbage in hot water and boil for a few minutes. 2. Combine thoroughly meat, rice, salt, ground pepper. Add chopped onion, dill and greenery. Mix. 3. Separate cabbage leaves and make your rolls with meat and rice mixture inside cabbage. Place the meat mixture on each leaf and fold up envelope fashion. Lay flap down, pour water to cover all rolls in the pot. Simmer, covered, for 1 to 1,5 hours. 4. Grate carrot, chop parsley roots, onion, fresh tomatoes and paprika. 5. Fry onion in oil until golden, add carrot, and parsley roots, then add fresh tomatoes and paprika (or tomato paste) to it and stew for minutes. (use a frying pan). 6. Five to ten minutes before the Rolls is cooked, pour over cabbage rolls fried vegetables and add: chopped green Celery, dill, parsley, green onions, bay leaf, pepper to taste. 7. Fry flour in oil until golden than add to pot with the Rolls. Vocabulary: ground- толченый, cored- без сердцевины, chopped-нарезанный, grated-натертый, dill-укроп, greenery- зелень, to combine-смешивать, thoroughly-тщательно, fold up-загибать, lay-положить, flap down-вниз открытой стороной, to simmer-закипать, булькать, parsley root-петрушка,to stew-тушить, pour over-залить, bay leaf- лавровый лист, to fry-жарить, to add-добавить.
Вlini filled with meat - pancakes. Вlini filled with meat - pancakes. Ingredients: 2 cups wheat flour 1 tbsp mayonnaise 2 tsp baking powder (or 0,5 tsp) baking soda 1 tsp sugar eggs pinch salt 2 tbsp oil 1 cup milk (or sour milk) For filling: 1 cup rice, boiled, well drained. 400 g (14 oz) meat (chicken, or not fat pork, or veal), boiled, drained, minced. 1 carrot, peeled, grated. 2 onion peeled, finely chopped. pinch ground pepper. 1 tbsp mayonnaise Method: 1. Sift dry ingredients in bowl and stir in liquid ingredients with wire whisk or spoon until mixed. 2. Rub griddle or fry pan with oil. Heat until water dropped from your hand bounces around. Drop about 1 ladle or 2 large mixing spoon for each pancake. 3. Cook until bubbled all over the top and brown on bottom. Flip and cook until brown on other side. Repeat with the remaining batter, add oil into frying-pan as needed. Keep your griddle very hot at all times. 4. Put 1 tbsp of filling into centre of each pancake and fold up envelope fashion. 5. Put all pancakes into greased pan. Lay flap down. Cover. Cook on low heat several minutes and serve. Make filling: Mix boiled rice, boiled minced meat with mayonnaise and pepper. Put onion into hot pan, fry until golden brown, add grated carrot and simmer. Mix fried vegetables with meat and rice.
Cheese Pie. Cheese Pie. Ingredients: For crust: 1 cup kefir, or clabber 250 g Margarine 1 egg 3 cup flour 0,5 baking soda For stuffing 100 g cheese, grated 2 onions, finely chopped and fried with oil Directions: 1. In a mixing bowl put flour, baking soda, all ingredients for crust and knead dough. 2. Refrigerate dough for an hour or two to chill. 3. Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Divide dough in 2 parts. Roll dough into desired crusts. Spread grated cheese mixed with fried onions over the crust. Cover with second crust. Bake for minutes.