What we will learn today: Practice Russian alphabet Reading Russian Number and gender of the nouns practice Days of the week practice My name is… Food and drinks Colors Months Family members Numbers Russian money DOs and DONTs in Russia
The number of nouns Noun typeEnding for plural Example masculine ending in a hard consonant; feminine ending in -a -ы стол - столы улица - улицы any nouns ending in -ь, -й, -я-и двeрь - двери земля - земли masculine and feminine with the stem ending in -к, -г, -x, -ч, - щ, -ж, -ш, -и ноЖ - ножи ноГа - ноги neuter ending in -o-aокно - окнa neuter ending in -e-ямoре - моря
Days of the week Какой сегодня день? What day is it today? kah-KOI see-VOHD-nyah dyehn' Russian word English translation Pronunciation понедельникMondaypuh-nee-DYEHL'-neek вторникTuesdayFTOHR-neek средаWednesdaysree-DAH четвергThursdaycheet-VYEHRK пятницаFridayPYAHT-nee-tsuh субботаSaturdaysoo-BOH-tuh воскресеньеSundayvuhs-kree-SYEHN'-yeh
My name is… Как тебя зовут? Как Вас зовут? Whats your name? (informal) Whats your name? (formal, polite) Меня зовут... My name is… Я...Im… Kak tebya zavut? Kak vas zovut? Menia zavut… Ya…
Colors - Цвета Red is КРАСНЫЙ Green is ЗЕЛЕНЫЙ Blue is ГОЛУБОЙ Black is ЧЕРНЫЙ Yellow is ЖЕЛТЫЙ Purple is ФИОЛЕТОВЫЙ Brown is КОРИЧНЕВЫЙ Kakoy eto tsvet?What color this is?
Months - Месяцы February 23, 2013 In US: 02/23/2013 In Russia: 23/02/2013
Grandfather – дедушка Grandmother – бабушка Great-grandfather – прадедушка Great-grandmother – прабабушка Parents – родители Father – папа / отец Mother – мама / мать Children – дети Son – сын Daughter – дочь Grandchildrens – внуки Grandson – внук Granddaughter – внучка Wife – жена Husband – муж Brother – брат Sister – сестра Uncle – дядя Aunt – тетя Nephew – племянник Niece – племянница Family members – члены семьи
Numbers 108сто восемьsto vosem' 115 сто пятнадцатьsto pyatnadsat' 121 сто двадцать одинsto dvadsat' odeen 147 сто сорок семьsto sorok sem' 200 двестиdvesti 300 тристаtreesta 400четырестаchetyresta 500пятьсотpyat'sot 600 шестьсотshestsot 700семьсотsem'sot 800восемьсотvosemsot 900девятьсотdevyatsot 1000 тысячаtysyacha
Numbers 2000 две тысячиdve tysyachi 3000три тысячиtri tysyachi 5000пять тысячpyat tysyach 6000шесть тысячshest' tysyach 9000 девять тысячdevyat tysyach
Russian money – русские деньги The Russian Ruble is the currency in Russian Federation. The Russian Ruble is also known as the Russian Rouble. The symbol for RUB can be written R. The Russian Ruble is divided into 100 kopeеk. РУБЛЬКОПЕЙКА 1$ = RUB
Brief history of Russian money Russian Ruble is the official currency of Russian Federation. It is also used as a medium of exchange in many former soviet republics. Russian ruble is one of the world's oldest currencies. It appeared in 15th century during the so-called Silver Bum. At the time, Russian coins were made of silver. Soaring demand for silver across continental Europe resulted in growth of value of Russian silver coin to a point when they were no longer useful for purchases. People started splitting coins in halves. Russian word for "split" or "cut" is rubit'' and the half coins were called rubles. Even though Russian coins no longer come in halves, the name stuck on. During the czar rule Russian rubles were one of the worlds highly valued currencies as they were backed by serious stockpiles of gold. During the Bolshevik revolution, most of that gold was shipped out of Russia, so the Soviet ruble's did not have much value.
From Soviet Ruble to Russian Ruble Democratic revolution of 1991 led to abandonment of price fixing. "The shock therapy" resulted in immediate plunge of national currency as former soviet republics continued to print Russian rubles and exchange them for Russian goods creating inflation in Russia and devaluing its currency. Inflation was as high as 1000% per year! By mid 90s Russian authorities announced that they would no longer allow now formally independent countries to print Russian national currency. Russian ruble grew steadily until 1998 when the Asian financial crisis moved on to Russia. Value of ruble dropped four times overnight and has not changed ever since.
Russian money – русские деньги Exchange offices are typically located in the city center and around tourist areas. Rates at different currency exchange booths vary somewhat, usually within a fifty-kopeeck range, so unless you plan on exchanging thousands there's little point in running around looking for the best rate, though after- hours and weekend exchanges tend to offer lower rates. Whenever you hand hard currency over to someone, it is quite common for the bills to be checked for authenticity individually by a variety of techniques. Don't take this as an insult as counterfeit money has proliferated in the country over the last couple of years. Torn, well-worn, heavily written on, or faded currency gets turned down in almost all cases. Exchange booths are very often located in shops selling pricier items (electronics, fashion clothes, cars) as well as the hotels.
Russian money – русские деньги Both banks and exchange booths will change most major currencies into rubles at the posted rates of exchange. Fees and commissions are often posted at the exchange window. There is a 0.5% tax on all currency exchanges. In order to exchange money you are supposed to present your passport (a photocopy will do) or some other form of identification, although having nothing to show is not usually a problem. You will be given a slip recording the transaction which you should keep with your customs declaration just in case some customs officer decides to actually check how much money you are taking out.
DOs and DONTs in Russia 1. DO not smile at random people on the streets…Theyll get you wrong! Russians smile and laugh a lot with the people they know…Youll send a wrong message if you start smiling at them while you are on the bus, walking, etc. Smiling while you are making purchases is good though! 2. DONT get a taxi alone after going out…make sure that you have a ride with your friends or get a taxi with them together! 3. DO bring some simple medications with you – tablets from headache etc. Even though its very easy to buy a medicine in Russia, its always good to have some in case of emergency…be careful though, TSA requires a prescription for most of the drugs! Check out their website to be sure.