Прямая речь –это речь, переданная дословно, без изменений. Tom tells his friends, I work in London. Who are you? she cried. What do you want? Косвенная речь – это передача содержания прямой речи в форме пересказа. He says to Lena, I see my friends every day. He says to Lena that he sees his friends every day.
I he, she, I (редко) we they, we (редко) you he, she, they При этом при переводе прямой речи в косвенную местоимения изменяются согласно требованиям логики. He tells them. I can help you. He tells them that he can help them.
Согласование времён – это зависимость времени глагола-сказуемого придаточного предложения от времени глагола-сказуемого главного предложения. says tells tells S 2 says to says to S 2 S1S1 время не изменяется She says, I am fine. She says that she is fine. S1S1 said told told S 2 said to said to S 2 время изменяется She said that she was fine.
Direct SpeechReported Speech Present Simple V, Vs write Past Simple V2, Ved wrote Past Simple V2, Ved wrote Past Perfect had V3 had written Future Simple will V will write Future in the Past would V would write Present Progressive is am Ving are is writing Past Progressive was were Ving was writing Past Progressive was were Ving was writing Past Progressive was were Ving was writing Present Perfect have has V3 have written Past Perfect had V3 had written Past Perfect had V3 had written Past Perfect had V3 had written Future Perfect will have V3 will have written Future perfect in the Past would have V3 would have written Present Perfect Progressive have has been Ving have been writing Past Perfect Progressive had been Ving had been writing Past Perfect Progressive had been Ving had been writing Past Perfect Progressive had been Ving had been writing
Прямая речьКосвенная речьnowthen today that day herethere yesterday the day before agobefore last… the previous … tomorrow the next day next … the following … thisthat thesethose the day after tomorrow two days later the day before yesterday two days before
S 1 said/said to S 2 /told S 2 that подлежащее + сказуемое Утверждения переводятся в косвенную речь следующим образом: Союз that можно не употреблять. I enjoy swimming, Louisa said. Louisa said that she enjoyed swimming.
1 ) Tom said, Im awfully tired. Tom said awfully tired. hewas that 2)I said to Mary, Ill be in London tomorrow. I said to Mary that I would be in London the next day. 3)Jim said, I havent seen Alice today. Jim said that he hadnt seen Alice that day. 4)Ann said to Tom, I didnt know this girl. Ann told Tom that she hadnt known that girl. S 1 said/said to S 2 /told S 2 that S V.
Перевод вопросительных предложений в косвенную речь asked (S 2) wondered if wanted to know interested S1S1 подлежащее + сказуемое (прямой порядок слов) (прямой порядок слов) Have you been crying? mum asked Have you been crying? mum asked. Mum asked if I had been crying. При прямом порядке слов глагол-сказуемое следует за подлежащим. (Утвердительные и отрицательные предложения). При обратном порядке слов глагол-сказуемое стоит перед подлежащим. (Вопросительные предложения). а) Общие вопросы
Jim asked, What are doing now, Mary? Jim asked Mary what she was doing then b) Специальные вопросы asked (S 2) wondered wh wanted to know ли S1S1 подлежащее + сказуемое (прямой порядок слов) (прямой порядок слов) c) Вопрос к подлежащему В вопросе к подлежащему в косвенной речи порядок слов не меняется. He asked, Who likes pop-music? He asked who liked pop-music.
R obert Does it often rain here ? asked if ed t Helen Have you seen this film, Peter? asked Peter if he had he had that Sam asked the boys: Who is knocking? Sam asked the boys who was knocking. John: What is your phone number, Bob? John asked Bob what was his phone number.
Перевод просьб и приказаний из прямой речи в косвенную asked told told Если в прямой речи содержится просьба или приказание, то при переводе в косвенную речь перед ней: ставятся слова автора – to ask smb или to tell smb; ставятся слова автора – to ask smb или to tell smb; глагол в косвенной речи ставится в форме инфинитива. глагол в косвенной речи ставится в форме инфинитива. S1S1S1S1 S 2 to V Kate said to her sister, Please, tell me the truth. Kate asked her sister to tell her the truth. При пересказе запретов используется отрицательный инфинитив. S1S1S1S1asked told told S 2 not to V The mother said to her son, Dont watch this film. The mother told her son not to watch that film.
Choose the right variant 1.J ohn said, Im sorry to disturb you, Eliza. A John told that he was sorry to disturb Eliza. B John told Eliza that he was sorry to disturb her. C John said to Eliza that he had been sorry to disturb her. 2. He said, Where is Jill going? A He asked where was Jill going. B He asked where Jill went. С He asked where Jill was going.
3. Robby asked, Bobby, help me, please! A Robby asked Bobby to help him. B Robby asked Bobby that he helped him. C Robby asked Bobby that he would help him. 4. The doctor asked, How do you feel? A The doctor asked how did I feel. B The doctor asked how I felt. C The doctor asked how I had felt. 5. Colin asked Richard, Will you be free tomorrow? A Richard asked would Colin be free the next day. B Colin asked Richard if he would be free the next day. C Colin asked if Richard will be free tomorrow.
6. Sam asked, Where were you yesterday, Tom? A Sam asked where he was Tom yesterday. B Sam asked Tom where was Tom the day before. C Sam asked Tom where he had been the day before. 7. Ann asked me, Dont make so much noise, please. A Ann asked me that I not make so much noise. B Ann asked me if I not made so much noise. C Ann asked me not to make so much noise. 8. The teacher said, You can have a rest, children. A The teacher told the children that they could have a rest. B The teacher said to children that they can have a rest. C The teacher said that they could have a rest, children.
Change the sentences into reported speech. 1.I said to her, I have something to tell you. 2.Mr Smith said, I am going to call you tomorrow. 3.Sally asked, Why did you decide to go to Egypt? 4.My cousin said, We moved to a new flat two days ago. 5. He asked, Who will do this task? 6. He said, My mother has just come. 7. She said, Ill come to you, Steve. 8. The teacher asked, What are you going to do, Peter?
Check yourselves 1.I told her that I had something to tell her. 2.Mr Smith said that he was going to call me the next day. 3.Sally asked why he (she) had decided to go to Egypt. 4.My cousin said that they had moved to a new flat two days before. 5. He asked who would do that task. 6.He said that his mother had just come. 7.She told Steve that she would come to him. 8.The teacher asked Peter what he was going to do.