Infinitive is non-finite form of the verb. e.g. to read, to write, to hear.
Subject: To smoke is bad for health. -- Курить вредно для здоровья. То weld metals is possible by means of heat produced by a current – Сваривать металлы можно- посредством тепла, производимого током.
Infinitive group, following after the structures it is necessary, it is possible, produces subjects function. e.g.It was necessary to do something (D. L..) -- Необходимо было что-то сделать
Predicate e.g. You must learn these rules. Object e.g. I will be pleased to help you. Attribute e.g. Im sorry, Im the last to come.
1. Complex Object (1) (to want, to wish, to like, to hate, to expect, to believe, to suppose, to know, to think, to understand, to consider, to find, to allow) e.g. I want you to remember this rule.
1. Complex Object (2) e.g. I knew him to be very clever. (to see, to hear, to feel, to watch, to notice, to let and make) tois not necessary. e.g. Books make me think.
Complex subject E.g. The book is considered to be very popular. They are said to work hard over their English. (перевод начинается со2части)
For construction. E.g. Everybody waited for the meeting to start. It is a book for you to read. COMPARE I want to learn English. I want you to learn English.
The construction is used after the verbs in the Passive. The sentences are translated into Russian starting with the predicate. Видели что…. Говорят что…. Сообщают что… E.g. He was seen to pass the exam.
Глагол выражаетГлаголыПримеры Чувственное восприятие Sense perception To see To hear To feel To watch To notice To observe They were seen to cross the road. They are heard to speak loudly. Речь человека People speech To say To report To declare To announce The expedition is reported to be approaching the North. Умственную деятельность Mental ability To believe To know To think To expect To trust The book is believed to have been written in the 15-th century.
Принуждение, Приказание, Позволение. Forcing, ordering, permission To make To force She was made to study English
To be likely -вероятно To be unlikely- вряд ли To be sure- наверняка To prove - оказаться To chance - случайно He doesn't seem to know it. Кажется, что он не знает этого.