Things that usually or always happen General or scientific facts and definitions Instructions in situations Main Clouse Present Simple Main Clouse Present Simple Subordinate Clouse If + Present Simple Subordinate Clouse If + Present Simple If I have a cold, I (usually/always) stay at home. If you feel tired, have a rest. If I have a cold, I (usually/always) stay at home. If you feel tired, have a rest.
Possible situations in present or future and their results in present or future Main Clouse Future Simple Main Clouse Future Simple Subordinate Clouse If + Present Simple/ Continuous/Perfect/ Perfect Continuous Subordinate Clouse If + Present Simple/ Continuous/Perfect/ Perfect Continuous If we miss a bus, we will be late. If you ride your bike like that, you will fall off! If you have revised properly, you wont have any problems in the test tomorrow. If we miss a bus, we will be late. If you ride your bike like that, you will fall off! If you have revised properly, you wont have any problems in the test tomorrow.
Choose the correct form of the verb. 1. If I dont feel/wont feel well tomorrow, I stay/Ill stay at home 2. If the weather is/will be nice tomorrow, we can go to the beach. 3. It will be hard to find a hotel if we arrive/will arrive late. 4. The alarm will ring if there is/will be a fire. 5. I am/will be surprised if they get/will get married. 6. Do you go/Will you go to the party if they invite/will invite you? 7. If I am/will be late this evening, dont wait for me. 8. What shall we do, if it rains/will rain. 9. Ill be able to understand you, if you speak/will speak slowly. 10. If he will be working/is working on Friday, he isnt be able /wont be able to go with us.
Complete using the correct form of the verb in the box: 1. If she ___ at five oclock, shell be there by half past seven. 2. We___ you if we have any problems. 3. It might not be a good idea to go out tonight if you ___ an important test in the morning. 4. If you ___ ill all day, you shouldnt come to the club tonight. 5. If you ___ my wallet, call me on my mobile immediately! 6. Lets get a different DVD if you ___ that one already. 7. If Sean ___ so hard lately, hell welcome the chance to have a few days off. 8. If youre going into town, ___ a video for tonight while youre there! 9. If you see Carol tonight, ___ to say hello from me! 10. Dont feel you have to come if you ___ to. 1. leaves 2. will call 3. are taking 4. have been 5. find/see 6. have seen/got 7. has been working 8. get/you could get 9. dont forget 10. dont want be call find forget get leave see take want work be call find forget get leave see take want work
Conditional sentences may be introduced by the conjunctions: if, in case, as/so long as, provided (that), unless, suppose.
Choose the correct word or phrase. 1. Six month from now Ill be at university unless/ if I decide to take a year off first. 2. Wed better leave early tomorrow unless/ in case theres a lot of traffic when we get to Doncaster. 3. You can watch the film as long as/ in case you promise to go straight to bed when it finishes. 4. Lets go to Mirabellas tonight unless/ if you havent been there before. 5.Unless/ So long as Ive still got my health, I dont mind how poor I am! 6. Youd better take a sweater with you if/ in case it gets cold tonight. 7. Do what you like provided/ unless you dont make any noise. 8. Im not going to worry unless/ as long as she hasnt called by midnight.
Impossible, unlikely or hypothetical conditions in the present or future and their result in the present or future Advice Main Clouse would could + Infinitive should Main Clouse would could + Infinitive should Subordinate Clouse If + Past Simple or Past Continuous Subordinate Clouse If + Past Simple or Past Continuous If I knew the answer, I would tell you. If I were a rock star, I would (Id) live in New York. If I knew the answer, I would tell you. If I were a rock star, I would (Id) live in New York.
Give the right form of the verb in brackets. 1. If I knew his address I (give) it to you. 2. If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes. 3. I could tell you what this means if I (know) Greek. 4. He might get fat if he (stop) smoking. 5. If he knew that it was dangerous he (not come). 6. I (keep) a horse if I could afford it. 7. What would you do if the lift (get) stuck between two floors. 8. I (not go) there if I were you. 9. You couldnt have so much trouble with your car if you (have) it served regularly. 10. I f I (live) near my work I (be) never late 1. If I knew his address I would give it to you. 2. If he worked more slowly he wouldnt make so many mistakes. 3. I could tell you what this means if I knew Greek. 4. He might get fat if he stopped smoking. 5. If he knew that it was dangerous he wouldnt come. 6. I would keep a horse if I could afford it. 7. What would you do if the lift got stuck between two floors. 8. I wouldnt go there if I were you. 9. You couldnt have so much trouble with your car if you had it served regularly. 10. I f I lived near my work I would be never late
Write sentences using the second conditional. Example: I dont want to buy that CD, so Im not going to. - If I wanted to buy that CD, I would. 1. I dont live alone, so I dont get lonely. 2. Dons got such a lot of homework that hes not going to play football tonight. 3. I cant swim, so Im not going scuba diving with Terry. 4. Were not going to order a pizza because we dont have enough money. 5. Were not staying in the same hotel, so we cant share a room. 6. Im not you, but I think you should call Anthony right now! 7. I cant come because I have to help my dad with something. 8. I dont go to bed as late as you, so Im able to get up early in the morning. 1. If I lived alone, Id get lonely. 2. If Dons got such a lot of homework, hes not going to play football tonight. 3. If I could swim, Id go scuba diving with Terry. 4. Wed order pizza if we had enough money. 5. If we were staying in the same hotel, we could share a room. 6. If I was/were you, Id call Anthony right now! 7. Id come if I didnt have to help my dad with something. 8. If I went to bed as late as you, I wouldnt be able to get up early in the morning.
Complete each sentence. Use either I or II Conditional 1. Sue doesnt ride a bike to school, because she doesnt have one. If Sue Chris will pass his exams, but he has to work hard. If Chris John isnt fat, because he doesnt eat a lot. If John Ellen doesnt have a car, so she walks to work. If Ellen Alis English will improve, but he has to practise. If Ali Pat wont be late but she has to hurry. If Pat Rita doesnt like swimming so she doesnt go to the beach. If Rita Paulo will get better, but he ahs to take his medicine. If Paulo David doesnt get up early because he lives near the school. If David Carol will catch the bus but she has to leave now. If Carol If Sue had a bike, she would ride to school. 2. If Chris works hard, hell pass his exam. 3. If John ate a lot, he would be fat. 4. If Ellen had a car, she wouldnt walk to work. 5. If Ali practises, his English will improve. 6. If Pat hurries, she wont be late. 7. If Rita liked swimming, she would go to the beach. 8. If Paulo takes his medicine, he will get better. 9. If David didnt live near the school, he would get up early. 10. If Carol leaves now, she will catch the bus.
Complete each sentence. Use will or would and the present or past simple 1. Were going to the beach after school. If you (want) to come with us, I (ask) my mum if its OK. 2. I always ride my bicycle to work. If I (win) the lottery, I (get) a taxi every day instead! 3. Its amazing! Everyone in the class passed the exam! If I (be) the teacher, I (be) really pleased. 4. It is a very easy machine to use. If you (place) the fruit in the top, the juice (appear) at the bottom ready to drink. 5. Weve been waiting for almost an hour now. If they (not come) soon, we (not see) the start of the concert. 6. Look at the sky! If it (start) raining, the race (finish) early. 1.want, will ask 2.won, would get 3.were/was, would be 4.place, appears 5. dont come, will not see 6.starts, will finish
Rewrite each comment beginning as shown. Do not change the meaning. 1. Supposing you had wings, what would you do? – What would you do if you had wings? 2. Why dont you leave now. Thats what Id do. - If __________________________________. 3. Imagine you lived on Mars. How would you feel? – How __________________________? 4. I think you should buy a bike. Thats what Id do. – If _______________________________. 5. Imagine you were rich. What would you do? - ____________________________________? 6. Supposing Jim came with us, what would you say? – What______________________? 7. Why dont you take the bus. Thats what Id do. – If_______________________________. 8. Imagine you owned a robot. What would you do? – What__________________________? 1. What would you do if you had wings? 2. If I were you, Id leave now. 3. How would you feel if you lived on Mars? 4. If I were you, Id buy a bike. 5. What would you do if you were rich? 6. What would you say if Jim came with us? 7. If I were you, Id take the bus. 8. What would you do if you owned a robot?
Hypothetical conditions in the past and their results in the past Main Clouse would/could/should + have + Participle II Main Clouse would/could/should + have + Participle II Subordinate Clouse If + Past Perfect/Perfect Continuous Subordinate Clouse If + Past Perfect/Perfect Continuous If you had asked me, I would have helped you. If shed been wearing her new glasses, I would have noticed them. If you had asked me, I would have helped you. If shed been wearing her new glasses, I would have noticed them.
Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence. 1. If you phoned/had phoned me yesterday, I had given/would have given you the news. 2. If you took/would have taken more exercise, you might feel/felt better. 3. If Tim drove/had driven more carefully, he wouldnt have crashed/didnt crash. 4. If you had come/came to see the film, you had enjoyed/would have enjoyed it. 5. If Id known/I would know it was your birthday, I would send/would have sent you a card. 6. If people had helped/helped one another more often, the world might be/was a better place. 7. If our team had scored/scored more goals, we had won/could have won. 8. If you would have worn/wore a coat, you wouldnt get/didnt get wet. 1. had phoned, would have given 2.took, might feel 3. had driven, wouldnt have crashed 4. had come, would have enjoyed 5. Id known, would have sent 6.helped, might be 7. had scored, could have won 8.wore, wouldnt get
Conditional sentences may express real or unreal condition.
English Grammar, Drozdova T., Mailova M., СПб, Триада, 1997 Grammar and Vocabulary, Exam skills for Russia, Mann M., Taylore-Knowles S., Macmillan, 2009 Language Practice Elementary, Vince M., Macmillan, 2008 Language Practice Intermediate, Vince M., Macmillan, 2008 Анимированные картинки - (раздел «Разное», 10 страница)