THE FUTURE TENSES And Other Ways Of Expressing Future Actions
FUTURE SIMPLE Will/Wont+V (нач. форма глагола) I will play… / Ill play… He will not read…/He wont read… Will they watch?- Yes, they will/No, they wont. Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week/ month / year, tonight, soon, in a day, in 2 months.
USE: Прогнозы на будущее, основанные на размышлениях, воображении со словами think, believe, expect, imagine, Im sure, I hope, Im afraid, probably, perhaps, maybe. Maybe, well visit Grandma tomorrow. I think the weather will be fine. Oбещания, угрозы -If you dont come on time, Ill go without you. -Ill be there at 5 sharp, I promise. Моментальные решения -Im hungry. –Ill make you a sandwich.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS Will+Ving I will be cooking/Ill be cooking… He wont be sleeping… Will you be drawing…?-Yes, I will./No, I wont. This time tomorrow, next Sunday at 10 am, tomorrow from 4 till 6 pm
USE: Действия, которые будут происходить в определенное время в будущем. Tom will be writing a test at 3pm tomorrow. Действия, которые точно произойдут в результате договоренности. Next Sunday at 11am theyll be driving to Moscow. Вежливые вопросы о планах на ближайшее будущее. -What will you be doing tomorrow at about 7pm? -Ill be watching a DVD with my friend. Will you join us? -Id love to.
FUTURE PERFECT Will+have+Ved/V3 He will have done/Hell have done… They wont have finished… Will you have written…? –Yes, I will./No, I wont. Before, by, by then, by the time, until/till
USE: Действие, которое закончится к определенному моменту в будущем. They will have bought a house by the end of the year. Shell have cooked dinner by 6 pm tomorrow. the time, until/till, beforePresent Simple После временных выражений the time, until/till, before мы используем Present Simple, т.к. они вводят придаточные предложения. By the time you arrive, Ill have cleaned the flat. Hell have done his homework before his parents come home. until/till Как правило, until/till используются в отрицательных предложениях. Sam wont have fixed the car until/till this evening.
TO BE GOING TO to be (am/is/are) going to… Im going to read…/Hes going to read…/Were going to read… I/m not going to do…/She isnt going to do…/They arent going to do… Are you going to stay…?- Yes, I am./No, Im not. Tomorrow, next Sunday, soon, in a day, in a week…
USE: Планы, намерения. Im going to travel in summer. Were going to visit Grandma next weekend. Прогнозы на будущее, основанные на фактах. The sky is dark, its going to rain. Im in a traffic jam, Im going to be late again! Действия, в совершении которых мы почти уверены. My friends and I are going to play football after school, if we dont have too much homework. Shes going to sell her car soon.
Present Continuous/Present Simple Be (am/is/are) + Ving Im driving/Hes driving… We arent going… Are you meeting…?- Yes, I am./No, Im not. V/V3 I go…/He goes…/They go… We dont play…/She doesnt play… Do you visit…? – Yes, I do./No, I dont.
USE: Present Continuous Present Continuous используется для выражения действий, которые точно произойдут в результате договоренности. We are going to St. Petersburg tomorrow. What are you doing tonight? Present Simple Present Simple используется для выражения действий, происходящих согласно программе, расписанию. My train to Moscow leaves at 7.15 am. The show starts at 6pm. Dont be late!
NOTE if,while,before,after, as soon as, as, После слов if,while,before,after, as soon as, as, by the time, when by the time, when в придаточном предложении формы будущего времени не используются! If If he is late again, Ill be very angry. by the time Ill have done my homework by the time my parents come home. until t They wont leave until they finish their work.
Lets Practice! I.Explain the use of the tense forms: are going 1. They are going to play golf this afternoon. wakewill have cooked 2. By the time you wake up, Mum will have cooked breakfast. Sams flying 3. Sams flying to China in two days. Ill help 4. Dont worry, Ill help you with your test. well be driving 5. Tomorrow at 5pm well be driving to the country. does 6. -When does the film start? – At 7. wont forget 7. I hope Mike wont forget to bring his laptop. will have written 8. Sue will have written the essay before her friends come. will you be doing 9. What will you be doing on Sunday at 2pm? Ill have 10. Im so thirsty! Ill have a glass of water.
II. Make up sentences using the given words: 1.the/going/we/country/summer/in/are/to/spend. W e are going to spend summer in the country. 2.you/have/work/the/your/will/show/finished/before/ starts? Will you have finished your work before the show starts? 3.bad/a/if/he/homework/will/do/get/his/doesnt/he/ mark. I II If he doesnt do his homework, he will get a bad mark. 4. are/party/my/throwing/on/friends/a/Saturday. M MM My friends are throwing a party on Saturday. 5. sea/this/I/be/in/ll/week/swimming/the/next/time. This time next week Ill be swimming in the sea.
III. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form: 1. Kate ______________ (paint) the house by 3pm tomorrow. 2. If you cant do it yourself, I ________ (help) you. 3. Look! That child _____________ (fall)! 4. The Parkers __________ (leave) for Egypt tonight. 5. I _______________ (finish) my composition until late in the evening. 6. Tom _____________ (dance) at the party at 9pm on Saturday. will have paintedwill helpis going to fall are leaving wont have finished will be dancing
IV. Choose the correct item: IV. Choose the correct item: 1. He _______________ to New York this time tomorrow. 2. If Roy _____________ call his girlfriend, she will be angry. 3. What will you have done _________ ____ you leave for school? 4. Mike and Tom have entered the Linguistic University. They ____________ become interpreters. 5. The mechanic ___________________ the car till next Tuesday. A. is flyingB. will be flyingC. is going to fly A. wont B. dontC. doesnt A. until B. by the time C. after A. are going toB. will C. will be becoming A. wont fix B. will have fixed C. wont have fixed