Презентация на тему: " Topic : Effect of caries IWS State Medical University s.Semey Prepared :Tursynbekova.M. 205 stom. Checked :Zhynisova.Zh. M 2014 year." — Транскрипт:
Topic : Effect of caries IWS State Medical University s.Semey Prepared :Tursynbekova.M. 205 stom. Checked :Zhynisova.Zh. M 2014 year
Plan General information Reasons of development of caries of teeth Caries symptoms Complications That you can make Prevention of caries of teeth
General information The term "caries" in translation from Latin means "rotting" and quite precisely describes a dental health at this disease. Caries is tooth destruction which begins with dissolution of the mineral substances which are a part of tooth, with the subsequent destruction of firm tissues of tooth and formation of a cavity.
Reasons of development of caries of teeth As a result of bad hygiene of an oral cavity on enamel there is a soft raid. This raid strongly contacts a surface of tooth and serves as a place reproduction of bacteria. Absorbing the carbohydrates which are a part of a raid, bacteria emit organic acids. The sour environment promotes destruction of crystals of the apatite which is a part of enamel, an external protective cover of tooth. After that microbes get into underlying layers and start destroying them.
Is the reason of caries not only presence of microbes at an oral cavity, but also some other factors, for example, heredity. Huge value has food. Insufficient receipt in an organism of proteins, vitamins, mineral salts, fluorine and various microcells promotes caries development. And the use of a large number sweet only helps bacteria to destroy teeth.
Caries symptoms Spot stage: at survey on a surface of tooth the white or dark speck is found. At this stage of people usually doesn't feel any unpleasant feelings. Stage of superficial caries: it is accompanied by short-term pains at action of mechanical and temperature irritants. Enamel becomes rough. Stage of average caries: the carious cavity is defined. Stage of deep caries: the cavity increases. touch to a cavity causes pain.
Complications If in an onset of the illness not to address to the doctor, process of destruction of tooth will progress, microbes will get through a dentine into a pulp of tooth and will cause its inflammation a pulpitis which, in the absence of treatment will pass into periodontitis that finally can lead to loss of tooth and more dangerous complications.
That you can make Not to pass the first symptoms of caries, to you follows at least 1 time a year to visit the stomatologist. To brush teeth 2 times a day
Prevention of caries of teeth Prevention of caries consists, first of all, in healthy nutrition, hygienic care of an oral cavity, regular visit of the stomatologist. Competent hygiene of a mouth includes 3-5 minute toothbrushing 2 times a day (after a breakfast and after a dinner) with the subsequent application of conditioners for a mouth. Besides it is recommended to make 1-2 times a year professional toothbrushing at the stomatologist. The stomatologist also can make sealing of fissures.