Презентация на тему: " Internal and external driving forces of conflicts in the post-soviet republics of Central Asia Republic of Ukraine, Kiev, Nurlan K. Smagulov May, 2011." — Транскрипт:
Internal and external driving forces of conflicts in the post-soviet republics of Central Asia Republic of Ukraine, Kiev, Nurlan K. Smagulov May, 2011
Building of Commonwealth of the independent States
Results of dissolving of the USSR for Post-Soviet republics: 1. Shattering sociopolitical, cultural and economic relations between union republics; 2. As consequence - a camber of political system, an intraeconomic blow-up and social shocks; 3. Absence of self-supporting foreign policy and foreign economic relations; 4. Decline of a role of communistic ideology and absence of alternative ideological and political baseline; 5. Absence of a concrete definition in delimitation of terrains of the Post-Soviet states (делимитации and demarkations of frontiers), originating of disputable territorial questions. 6. … etc.
Political map of countries of the post-soviet Central Asia
/ the period «the Parade of sovereignties in countries CAR»: Strengthening centralization of power in republics; · Emerging of mutual territorial claims (separatism, a misalignment, alienation of territories); · Emerging of interethnic conflicts; · Absence of an ideological and political base for consolidation of society (one-party system abandonment, crash of communistic ideology); · Absence of strategic programs of economic reformation and political conversions of the former soviet republics.
Power Centralization in the CA Republics Nursultan Nazarbaev - ruling over 22 years
Origins of mutual territorial claims (Separatism, misalignment and territorial integrity) The conflict on the Uzbek-Tajik frontier ( currently), The conflict on the Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan frontier ( ), Separatism of some levels of the Kirghiz Republic (Osh, Fergana valley, Dzhelal-Abad) ( currently), Territorial claims of the Peoples Republic of China on all ambit of Post-Soviet frontier of countries of the Central Asia ( currently), Deepening territorial claims over the use of trans-border rivers (Amu Darya, Syr-Darya, Chu, Ili, Talas, Black Irtysh, Caspian sea).
Republic Kazakhstan Capital - Astana; the terrain square compounds …. Sq. km; Population of persons; State language - Kazakh
Republic Tajikistan. Capital - of Dushanbe. The terrain square compounds sq. km; Population of million persons; State language - Tadjik.
Republic Uzbekistan. Capital - Tashkent. The terrain square compounds 447,400 sq. km; Population of 25 million persons; a state language - Uzbek.
Republic Turkmenistan. Capital - Ashkhabad. The terrain square compounds 488,1 thousand sq. km; Population of 4776 thousand persons; State language - Turkmen
Republic Kyrgyzstan. Capital - Bishkek. The terrain square compounds sq. km; Population of 7,595 million persons; State language - Kirghiz.
Problems of delimitation of a bottom of the Caspian sea
Principles of delimitation of a bottom of Caspian sea:
Principles of delimitation of a bottom of Caspian sea: A principle 20 percent segregations - all remaining (Republic Turkmenistan, Republic Azerbaijan, Islamic Republic Iran).