INTRODUCTION:- On the palmar surface of the hands and feet are raised surfaces called friction ridges. Fiction ridge are formed during fetal developed. Fingerprint are unique due to genetic and epigenetic factor(maternal diet,pH,temp,movement of fetus).
HISTORY:- In 14th century Persia, various official government papers had fingerprints (impressions). 1823: A professor of anatomy at the University of Breslau, published his thesis discussing 9 fingerprint patterns. 1897: World's first Fingerprint Bureau opens in Calcutta (Kolkata) India. 1902: Dr. Henry P. DeForrest used fingerprinting in the New York Civil Service. 1906: New York City Police Department Deputy Commissioner Joseph A. Faurot introduced fingerprinting of criminals to the United States
FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION:- Fingerprint identification is known as dactyloscopy. Three printer used for identification are: 1.black printer. 2.live scan. 3.larent print. Factors affect friction ridge are pliability of skin, slippage, the matrix, the surface.
FINGERPRINT CAPTURE:- Two type of fingerprint reader: 1.solid-state fingerprint reader 2.optical fingerprint reader