The American Thanksgiving began as a feast of thanksgiving almost four hundred years ago. In 1620, a religious community sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the New World. They settled in what is now known as the state of Massachusetts. Their first winter in America was difficult. They arrived too late to grow a rich harvest. Moreover, half the colony died from disease. The following spring the Iroquois Indians taught them how to grow corn. Indians showed them also how to grow other crops and how to hunt and fish.
In the autumn of 1621 they got a beautiful harvest of corn, barley, beans and pumpkins. The colonists had much to be thankful for, so they planned a feast. Local Indian chief and ninety Indians were present. The colonists learned from Indians how to cook cranberries and dishes of corn and pumpkins.
In following years many of the colonists celebrated the harvest with a feast of thanks. After the United States gained independence, Congress recommended one yearly day of thanksgiving for the whole country. Later, George Washington suggested the date November 26 as Thanksgiving Day. Then, after the Civil war, Abraham Lincoln suggested the last Thursday in November to be the day of thanksgiving.
On Thanksgiving Day, family members gather at the house of an older relative, even if they live far away. All give thanks for everything good they have. Charitable organizations offer traditional meal to the homeless. Foods, eaten at the first thanksgiving, have become traditional. The traditional thanksgiving meal consists of roast turkey stuffed with herb-flavored bread, cranberry jelly, mashed potatoes, pumpkin pie. Other dishes may vary as to region: ham, sweet potatoes, creamed corn.
Quiz 1.When is Thanksgiving celebrated in the U.S.? a) 4th Thursday of October. b) 1st Thursday of November. c) 4th Thursday of November. 2. What is Thanksgiving Day? a) A harvest festival. b) A religious celebration. c) A worldwide holiday. 3. Which country first adopted Thanksgiving as a national holiday? a) The U.S. b) Canada. c) England.
4. What year was the first Thanksgiving celebrated? a) b) c) What do people usually eat at Thanksgiving? a) Roasted venison. b) Roasted turkey. c) Roasted Chicken.
8C- %D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B0 %D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%B2- %D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B5 nts-november-2010.php _the_first_thanksgiving_story_jamestown_plymouth_rock_pi lgrims.jpg UJOo9BrcHdqd6_nbL90ykJvOoVh7D0 Источники: Составила: Демьянова Ольга Александровна Учитель английского языка МОУ СОШ с УИОП 3 Город Алексеевка, Белгородская область