Childhood Sergei Korolev was born on January 12, 1907 in the town of Zhytomyr (then Russian Empire, the modern Ukraine) in the family of a teacher of Russian literature Pavel Korolyov ( ) and Maria Nikolaevna Moskalenko ( ). He was about three years old when her parents divorced. By decision of the mother, the baby Sergei was sent to his grandmother Mary Matveyevna and grandfather Nikolay Moskalenko. In 1915 he entered the high school preparatory classes in Kiev in went to first grade school in Odessa, where he moved his mother, Maria Balanin, and step-father - George M. Balanin. In high school he studied for long - it was closed, then there were four months of the unified labor school. Continue to receive education at home - his mother and stepfather were teachers, and stepfather, in addition to teaching, has engineering education.
The first artificial Earth satellite To realize manned and unmanned space launch station S.P. Korolev developed on the basis of combat missile family committed three-way and four-carrier. October 4, 1957 was launched into orbit the first satellite in history. His flight was a resounding success and the Soviet Union created a high international prestige. "He was small, this is the first artificial satellite of our planet's old, but his ringing call signs have spread to all continents and among all peoples as the embodiment of daring dreams of mankind" - said after SP Korolev.
Man in Space S.P. Korolev made the first manned spacecraft "Vostok-1", he realizes the world's first manned flight - the USSR citizen Yuri Gagarin, into space. August 6, 1961 German Titov on "Vostok-2" made a second space flight, which lasted one day..
The official medical report was published January 16, The death of Sergei Korolyov was caused by heart failure
Сontribution Sergei Korolev was the generator of many unconventional ideas and the founder of the outstanding design teams working in the field of rocket and space technology. He was a pioneer in many areas of missile, rocket and space technology. In 1966, the USSR Academy of Sciences established a gold medal named after S.P. Korolev. Scholarships named after S.P. Korolev for students in higher education. In Zhitomir, in Moscow, Baikonur, built in other cities, monuments scientist, created the memorial house- museum. His name are the Samara State Aerospace University, a town in the Moscow region, the streets of many cities, two research vessels, mountain peak in the Pamir Mountains, Pass in the Tien Shan, the asteroid, talassoid on the moon.
Scholarships named after S.P. Korolev for students in higher education. In Zhitomir, in Moscow, Baikonur, built in other cities, monuments scientist, created the memorial house-museum. His name are the Samara State Aerospace University, a town in the Moscow region, the streets of many cities, two research vessels, mountain peak in the Pamir Mountains, Pass in the Tien Shan, the asteroid, talassoid on the moon.
The presentation was prepared by Vadim Grishin, 9 G Gimnazium 34, Orel.