HIV/AIDS remains one of the worlds most significant public health challenges, particularly in low – and middle – income countries. The late symptoms of the infection are referred to as AIDS.
The highest rate of transmission is from sexual intercourse, 55 %. The second highest rate of transmission is from drug use, 40%. The last 5% is transmission from mother to child or from an accident with donors blood in the hospital.
1.63 % of the adult population of Ukraine is HIV-positive making it the highest in Europe. However, unofficial statistics put the number at approximately 500,000.
By 2010, there will be approximately 600,000 HIV positive people in Ukraine. 43,000 of these cases will develop into AIDS, and 46,000 children will become orphans.
Only 1 out of 5 people know about their HIV-positive status. Only 4% of Ukrainians have ever had an HIV test.
HIV is a lot like other viruses, including those that cause the flu or the common cold. But there is an important difference – over time, your immune system can clear most viruses out of your body. That isnt the case with HIV- the human immune system cant seem to get rid of it. That means that once you have HIV, you have it for life.AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, and not everyone who has HIV advances to this stage.
We know that HIV can hide for long periods of time in the cells of your body and that it attacks a key part of your immune system – your T-cells or CD4 cells. Your body has to have these cells to fight infections and disease, but HIV invades them, uses them to make more copies of itself, and then destroys them.
What should I do if I think I have HIV ? The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. Testing is relatively simple. You can get an HIV test from your doctor or healthcare provider, Veterans health center and other location.