I would like to tell you about Paris. It is the city of my dream. Paris is the capital of France, its economic and cultural center. It arose from a small fishing village located on an island on the river. This island is named the City which means "city". The village soon became a small town. The Romans gave the city the name of Lutetia. Finally, we changed the name of Lutetia by the name of the inhabitants of the town Parisii. The territory of Paris is about 105 km2 now.The population is about 2,233,818 inhabitants. The city is full of sights and tourist attractions, including charming architecture, numerous bridges and squares. There are more than 130 museums and 1800 historic places there.
Originally, the tower was criticized by the artistic and literary elite of the city, and in 1909 it was almost ready to carry. It was rehabilitated after it became clear that it could be an ideal platform for the antennas needed for the development of science and technology. If you want to climb the tower itself, there are three levels open to the public. The lifts are usually long lines, but you can use the stairs on the south side of the tower, which lead to the first and second platforms. Here there are also guided tours.
Among the theater, who created the reputation of Montmartre, the famous " nimble rabbit " at number 22 on Willow Street, at the corner of the capital St. Vincennes. In 1860, it was the tenderloin tavern called " Theft of the meeting," and then - "Cabaret killers " when its owner was Salz. In 1886, the former can-can dancer Adele Dessert bought it and renamed to "My Village". Aristide Bruand bought the facility in 1903 and entrusted the management of Frederic Gerard, nicknamed " Papa Fred."
On old Montparnasse train station was built Montparnasse Tower and shopping center. The tower was built in the period from 1969 to It has 58 floors, 54 of which are devoted to offices. On the 59th floor of undeveloped open to the public terrace. Montparnasse Tower - one of the main attractions of the 20th century - is located in the center of the capital. On the two upper floors are open for visitors with a spectacular panorama of Paris : from the 56th floor, and closed with the air conditioning, which should go up on the fastest elevator in Europe ( 195 meters in 38 seconds ), and the 59th floor, which is the highest and largest terrace in Paris - the only point where you can observe the capital.
As befits one of the most historic buildings in Paris is the Notre Dame Cathedral in the heart of the city. Earlier, in the III-IV century on the site housed a temple, and later, when the Romans ended their reign, there was erected the first Christian church in Paris. Construction was started in 1163, but the most easily recognizable part of the structure, where the main entrance, consisting of three massive doors, as well as two rectangular towers, began to build only in Fully construction and decoration of the ball completed by Despite the fact that Notre Dame was erected more than 180 years, a number of architects, the original idea of the Gothic cathedral was observed. And today we can admire the amazing symmetry and harmony of the building, combined with the rigor, clarity and balance.
Louvre - it's not only an architectural monument, like the palace of French kings, but also one of the most famous museums in the world. It boasts an enormous collection of various exhibits. Here you will find the bas-reliefs of the Assyrian palaces, Egyptian art and much more. The former royal palace that was built in 1200 King Philip Augustus. The palace suffered slight changes with every king until in 1672, Louis XIV had built Versailles. Louvre remained empty until in 1725, the Academy of Art did not hold in the Louvre art galleries. In 1791, the Louvre was turned into a museum. In 1992, the Louvre was restored and expanded the museum after the Louvre became the biggest museum in the world. The Louvre is divided into 7 different museums. The richest collection of ancient Egyptian, ancient, Western art.
On stone surfaces stamped name the greatest victories of the Empire and the Republic, as well as the names of 558 generals. Under the arches of Arches in 1840 was driven ashes of Napoleon I, in the coffin with the body of Victor Hugo, July 14, 1919 under the arch of the victorious French soldiers marched. In memory of those who died in the First World War, November 11, 1920 under the arches arches rested the ashes of the Unknown Soldier at the tomb of the eternal flame is lit every night, " fueled " by members of associations of war veterans.
One of the most famous and oldest thoroughfares of Paris, the Champs Elysees which is known for several centuries. Incidentally, this is also the widest street in Paris (71m), which is 1915m long. Residents of the city is lovingly called Elysian Fields, "the most beautiful avenue in the world".