GLOSSARY patch – зд. клочок marsh – болото to cover – покрывать vast - обширный inhabitant - житель to be deserted – быть покинутым, пустынным boroughs - городки in addition – кроме того to include - включать suburbs - предместье fashionable - фешенебельный well-to-do - зажиточный to stretch - простираться to reside - проживать
London is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom situated on the Thames river, the largest city in Britain and one of the largest cities in the world. LONDON
London began on two small patches of dry land in the middle of a marsh on the north bank of the Thames. That was before the Romans came. In Roman times it was named Londinium, and was already a centre of trade. Today London covers a vast area, with millions of inhabitants. HISTORY
CITY OF LONDON Actually there are several Londons. First, there is the City of London. It is an area of one square mile running along the Thames Embankment from about Waterloo Bridge to Tower Bridge. It is the financial and business centre of Great Britain. About half a million people work there during the day. At night it is almost deserted.
THE COUNTRY OF LONDON Then there is the Country of London. It is composed of about thirty boroughs in addition to the City.
GREATER LONDON Finally there is Greater London which includes inner London and the suburbs. It forms a kind of circle with a radius from fifteen to twenty miles. includessuburbs
THE WORLD LAGEST PORT The existence of London depended on its water- born trade which still makes London one of the worlds largest ports. Historical and geographical circumstances have turned London into one of the worlds most important commercial and cultural centre.
LONDON AS A CULTURAL CENTRE London has many different faces. -There is the West End, a fashionable shopping and entertainment centre, where, mostly, well-to-do people live.fashionablewell-to-do -There is Mayfair stretching from the West End along Park Lane to Marble Arch.stretching
-There are Houses of Parliament built on the banks of the Thames at Westminster. -Common people reside in the East End. This is a vast area running eastward from the City.
RIGHT OR WRONG 1. Actually there are several Londons. Right WrongRight Wrong 2. At night the City of London is almost deserted. Right WrongRight Wrong 3. London began when the Romans came. Right Wrong Right Wrong 4. London is the largest city in Britain and one of the smallest in the world. Right Wrong Right Wrong 5. The existence of London depended on its sightseeing. Right Wrong Right Wrong 6. The Houses of Parliament are built on the banks of the Thames at Westminster. Right WrongRight Wrong
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS 1. Is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom situated on the Thames river? 2. How was London named in Roman times? 3. How many Londons are there? 4. What is the City of London? 5. Why is London one of the worlds most important commercial and cultural centre? 6. Where is a fashionable shopping and entertainment centre situated?
FILL IN THE GAPS 1. In Roman times London was already a centre of …. a) entertainment b) trade c) businessentertainmenttradebusiness 2. At …. it is almost deserted. a) midnight b) noon c) nightmidnight noon night 3. It forms … … … circle with a radius from fifteen to twenty miles. a) a type of b) a kind of c) a sort ofa type of a kind of a sort of 4. Finally there is Greater London which … inner London and the suburbs. a) divides b) separates c) includesdividesseparatesincludes 5. London one of the … largest ports. a) a) worlds b) citys c) countrys worlds cityscountrys
FIND ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS 1. The West End is a part of London, where, mostly,(состоятельные) people live. 2. Today London covers a vast area, millions of (жителей). 3. About half a million people work (там) during the day. 4. This is a (обширная) area running eastward from the City. 5. (Затем) there is the Country of London. 6. It is the financial and (деловой) centre of Great Britain. 1.inhabitant 2.well-to-do 3.than 4.commercial 5.vast 6.there
MAKE UP SENTENCES 1. Then, the, Country, is, London, of, there. 2. London, in, Britain, is, the largest cities in the world, the, in, the largest city, and, one, of. 3. Today, covers, of, millions, London, with, a vast area, inhabitants. 4. Deserted, it, at night, almost, is. 5. The existence, its, trade, of, depended, on, London, water-born. 6. Faces, different, many, London, has.