Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. Moscow was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. Moscow is one of the largest cities in Europe. Its total area is about nine hundred square kilometers. The population of the city is about 12 million.
The heart of Moscow is Red Square, the central and the most beautiful square in Moscow.
Here one can see the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed. Here one can see the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed. Tourists can see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. In was designed by Ivan Martos in 1818 in memory of the Russian victory over the Polish invaders in Tourists can see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. In was designed by Ivan Martos in 1818 in memory of the Russian victory over the Polish invaders in 1612.
Its three magnificent cathedrals, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the palaces and Spassky Tower with the clock attract the tourists attention. But first of all everybody knows Red Square because the Kremlin is situated there. The Kremlin is the oldest historical and architectural centre of Moscow.
The Czar-cannon and Czar-bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world, are also in The Kremlin.
Moscow is also famous for its museums. At the Tretyakov Gallery paintings by great Russian artists are Collected and at the Museum of Fine Arts there are masterpieces By European painters. There are a lot of theatres in Moscow. The best-known of them is the Bolshoi Opera House, but drama theatres and studios are popular too.
Moscow has the oldest Russian university, founded in 1755 by Lomonosov. Its new building was opened in Moscow was the host to the 22nd Summer Olympic Games in The Metro, opened in 1935, is being constantly extended. Now it has 200 stations. It is one of the tourists attractions. The number of new streets increases every month. The longest of them is Leningradsky Prospect, it runs for 15 kilometers. Moscow is the seat of the Russian Parliament (the Duma) and the centre of the political life of the country.