Main Features Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC.Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC. Ingredients and dishes vary by region. Cheese, coffee and wine are a major part of the cuisine.Ingredients and dishes vary by region. Cheese, coffee and wine are a major part of the cuisine. Each area has its own specialties. The differences can come from a bordering countries (such as France or Austria), whether a region is close to the sea or the mountains.Each area has its own specialties. The differences can come from a bordering countries (such as France or Austria), whether a region is close to the sea or the mountains.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia The majority of the eastern regional dishes are heavily influenced by Austrian, Hungarian, Slovene and Croatian cuisines: typical dishes include Istrian Stew (soup of beans, sauerkraut, potatoes, bacon and spare ribs), Vienna sausages, goulash, apple strudel, gugelhupf. Pork can be spicy and is often prepared over an open hearth called a fogolar. Collio Goriziano and Ramandolo are well- known regional wines. Montasio cheese
Gnocchi Gnocchi is a small dumpling. In fact, the word gnocchi in Italian means "lump". Gnocchi is mostly often made of potatoes, though it can also be made of flour, squash, cheese or even polenta. Gnocchi is served much in the same manner as pasta, with sauce or some butter and sage or parmesan cheese.
Venetian cuisine Venice and many surrounding parts of Veneto are known for risotto, a dish whose ingredients can highly vary upon different areas, as fish and seafood being added closer to the coast and pumpkin, asparagus, radicchio and frogs' legs appearing further away from the Adriatic.
Polenta Made of finely ground maize meal, polenta is a traditional, rural food, typical of Veneto and most of Northern Italy.
Tiramisu Regional desserts include tiramisu (made of biscuits dipped in coffee, layered with a whipped mixture of egg yolks and mascarpone, and flavored with liquor and cocoa),
baicoli (biscuits made with butter and vanilla) and nougat.
Lombardy The regional cuisine of Lombardy is heavily based upon ingredients like maize, rice, beef, pork, butter, and lard. Rice dishes are very popular in this region, often found in soups as well as risotto. Other regional specialities include cassoeula (a typical winter dish prepared with cabbage and pork) Regional desserts include the famous panettone Christmas cake (sweet bread with candied orange, citron, and lemon zest, as well as raisins, which are added dry and not soaked).
Piedmont Nestled between the Alps and the Po valley, with a large number of different ecosystems, this region offers the most refined and varied cuisine of the Italian peninsula. The most typical of the Piedmont tradition are its traditional agnolotti (pasta folded over with a roast beef meat and vegetable stuffing), taglierini (thinner cousin of tagliatelle),
Finally Piedmont is one of the Italian capital of pastry and chocolate in particular, with products like Nutella, gianduiotto and marron glacé that are famous worldwide.
Emilia-Romagna Emilia-Romagna is known for its eggs and filled pasta made with soft wheat flour. Bologna is notable for pasta dishes like tortellini, lasagne, gramigna and tagliatelle which are found also in many other parts of the region in different declinations. Regional desserts include zuppa inglese (custard-based dessert made with sponge cake and Alchermes liqueur) and pampepato (Christmas cake made with pepper, chocolate, spices, and almonds).
Neapolitan cuisine Campania extensively produces tomatoes, peppers, spring onions, potatoes, artichokes, fennel, lemons and oranges which all are taken on the flavor of volcanic soil. Originating from Neapolitan cuisine, pizza has become popular in many different parts of the world. Pizza is an oven-baked, flat, disc-shaped bread typically topped with a tomato sauce, cheese (usually mozzarella) and various toppings depending on the culture. Since the original pizza, several other types of pizzas have evolved.