The world capital of filmed entertainment Los Angeles has been a lot of things over the past 100 years.First, it was a little city with orange forest and great weather. But, one day in 1908 a group of people from Chicago came to Los Angeles to shoot (make) a film. Since that day a lot of directors, producers, actors and thousands of other workers have been coming to Los Angeles. In 1911 the first studio appeared in Hollywood (a part of Los Angeles). In the 1920s Hollywood made 80% of the worlds films. Silent and black- and-white films of those early years starring Mary Pickford and Charlie Chaplin were forced out by sound films in the middle of the 1920s. Full- length films came up to take place of short films. And the first colour film, Gone with the wind, was shot in This film brought a great success to Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable who starred in the film. The number of the studious grew very quickly. They combined in large corporations and mow the biggest film companies are MGM, Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Warner Bros and Universal. The first genres of American films were melodrama, western and comedy, later appeared adventure and historical films. But now the range of genres is much richer. Hollywood got the name of the factory of dreams. It is associated wealth and paradise of sun and palm trees. But it is only facade for a darker truth.
1. What is the world capital of filmed entertainment? 2. Where is it? 3. What can you say about this city? 4. When and where did the first studio appear? 5. What kinds of films were made there at first? 6. When was the first coloured film shot? 7. Who started in this film? 8. What are the biggest film companies in the USA? 9. What were the first genres? 10. What is your favourite genre?