The country's official name is Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia is a federation of states. Australia has six states New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. Each state has its government. Australia has two territories the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.
The area is 7,7 mn sq km. The driest continent on the Earth.
Average temperatures: January 20 – 23 C, July 5 – 13 C.
19.5 million Ethnic Groups: 95.0 % European origin, 3.5 % Asian, 1.5 % Aboriginal.
Quick Facts Australia is a former British colony, constitutional links with Britain were formally abolished in 1986; The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Cook in Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly square kilometres. Severe droughts, floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The people suffer from limited fresh water. The continent is sunny most of the year.
Sydney 4 million Melbourne 3.5 million Brisbane 1.6 million Perth 1.3 million Adelaide 1.08 million The capital city is Canberra.
was founded in 1913 as a planned capital. It is an international city, full of diplomats and government offices.
Canberra Tower Parliamentary Triangle Lighthouse Park
is the largest city in Australia and a big port.
Australian Currency Currency in Australia is Australian Dollar (AUD). Australia's currency consists of coins of five, 10, 20 and 50 cent and one and two dollar denomination; and notes of five, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar denomination.
Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier Reef on the coast of Queensland is a garden under the sea. There are 1,400 different kinds of fish, and more than 300 kinds of coral. Tropical fruit and flowers grow on the beautiful islands.