New words and expressions Guard – стража, охрана, часовой Guardsman – гвардеец, караульный Guardian – хранитель, страж Safeguard – охрана, предосторожность Knit – вязать Hand knitted – ручной вязки Machine knitted – машинной вязки To be knitted from wool – быть связанным из шерсти
British Uniforms As Great Britain is known for its traditions there are famous British uniforms, such as the Beefeaters and Guards
The Yeomen Warders or the Beefeaters The Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, popularly known as the Beefeaters, are ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London. In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners at the Tower and safeguarding the British crown jewels, but in practice they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right.
Britania Britannia was originally the Latin name that the Roman Empire gave to the island of Great Britain and its possessions thereupon. It has since become a figure of national personification of the United Kingdom.
British Guards The British Army has such regiments as Horse Guards and Foot Guards. There are also Queen`s Guards, who are responsible for Buckingham Palace and St.James`s Palace
Traditionally British clothes There are also traditionally British clothes, which have a long history. Such clothes as a bowler hat, a balaclava, a cardigan, wellington boots and a kilt were invented in the UK
The Bowler Hat It was designed by the hatters James and George Lock.It had the name iron hat. The Locks sent their design to the hatmakers Thomas and William Bowler who produced the prototype of the hat. The "iron hat" later picked up the name Bowler because of its makers' family name.
The Wellington Boots The Wellington boot are also known as a welly, a wellie, a gumboot or a rubber boot Duke of Wellington gave his name to these boots. These boots were at first made of leather. Now Wellington boots are waterproof and are most often made from rubber or a synthetic equivalent.
A Cardigan A cardigan is a type of sweater/jumper with buttons or zips down the front. It was named after Lord Cardigan, a British military commander, during his service in the Crimean War. It is usually machine or hand knitted from wool. Cardigans are worn both by men and women.
A Balaclava A balaclava, balaclava helmet or ski mask is a form of headgear covering the whole head, exposing only the face (and often only the eyes). The name "balaclava" comes from the town of Balaclava in Crimea. During the Crimean War, knitted balaclavas were sent over to the British troops to help protect them from the bitter cold weather. They are traditionally knitted from wool. Modern balaclavas can be made from a number of materials, such as silk, cotton, polypropylene, neoprene, wool or fleece. Modern balaclavas are also used in outdoor winter sports activities such as skiing or snowboarding to help protect the face from the cold wind and maintain warmth.
A Kilt A kilt is a traditional garment of Scottish culture. The modern traditional kilt is typically seen at modern-day Highland games gatherings in Scotland and elsewhere throughout the world. Today most Scotsmen see the kilt as formal dress or ceremonial dress. Kilts are usually made of wool.