Page 2 What are human rights? Defined as those rights which are inherent in the nature and without which we cannot live as human beings Human rights and fundamental freedoms allow us to fully develop and use our human qualities to satisfy our material and spiritual needs
Page 3 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights basic international pronouncement of the inalienable rights of all members of the human society
Page 4 UNDHR Civil Rights right to life right to believe (religion) right to your own opinion right to free speech right to marry right to race, cultural background, disability or belief right to information right to privacy right to citizenship right to move about freely in ones country right detention or exile right to a fair trial Political Rights (human rights which allow citizens to participate fully in the political systems of their nations) right to vote in elections right to freely form or join political parties right to be an independent country right to stand for public office right to freely disagree with views and policies of political
Page 5 Economic Rights Economic rights include all those human rights which give us enough economic resources to meet our basic needs. Economic rights also protect us from bad and unfair treatment in our workplaces. Social rights include all those human rights which allow citizens to meet their social needs, (e.g., food, fair wage, jobs, maternity leaves..) Cultural rights include all those human rights which allow citizens to maintain and promote their culture, (e.g., ancestral domain, type of schooling, develop cultural activities) Cultural rights include all those human rights which allow citizens to maintain and promote their culture, (e.g., ancestral domain, type of schooling, develop cultural activities)
Page 6 Womens Rights Are entitlements and freedoms claimed for women and girls of all ages Issues commonly associated with notions of women's rights include, though are not limited to, the right: –to bodily integrity and autonomy; –to vote (suffrage); –to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; –To own property; –To education; –to serve in the military; –to enter into legal contracts; and –to have marital, parental and religious rights. Childrens Rights The Convention includes: ( UNICEF) Article 1: Definition of the child Article 2: Non-discrimination Article 3: Best interests of the child Article 4: Protection of rights Article 5: Parental guidance Article 6: Survival and development Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care Article 8: Preservation of identity Article 9: Separation from parents Article 10: Family reunification
Page 7 Rights & Responsibilities If a person has the right to education, that person also has the responsibility to grasp the opportunity and to learn! If a person has the right to health care, that person must play his or her role in ensuring a healthy lifestyle. Rights go hand in hand with responsibilities.
Page 8 Some Responsibilities A responsibility towards oneself to live healthily and happily; A responsibility to be courteous to other people, including parents, educators and people from other cultures and beliefs. A responsibility to make a positive contribution to the well- being of the community in which one lives. A responsibility to be a good citizen. A responsibility to contribute towards the well-being of the wider community and the environment.
Page 9 What can we do? Cultivate a culture of human rights & responsibilities through education Campaign to protect rights of all groups Promote equitably civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights Lobby Government to strengthen implementation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights & Conventions