Презентация по предмету "Иностранный язык" на тему: "The Present Simple The Present Continuous The Present Perfect The Present Perfect Continuous Подготовила Бакина О.Н., учитель английского языка МБОУ Остерской.". Скачать бесплатно и без регистрации. — Транскрипт:
The Present Simple The Present Continuous The Present Perfect The Present Perfect Continuous Подготовила Бакина О.Н., учитель английского языка МБОУ Остерской средней школы г.Рославль Смоленской области
The Present Simple Формы the Present Simple образуются от инфинитива глагола без частицы to. В третьем лице единственного числа прибавляется окончание –s, - es. I-we-you-they + V He-she-it + V s
Отрицательная форма I-we-you-they + do not + V He-she-it + does not + V В устной речи отрицательные формы do not/ does not часто стягиваются в одну форму: dont/ doesnt
Вопросительная форма Do + I-we-you-they + V? Does + he-she-it + V?
Examples+ I go to school every day. She goes to school every day. - I dont go to school on Sundays. She doesnt go to school on Sundays. ? Do you go to school every day? – Yes, I do./No, I dont Does she go to school every day? – Yes, she does./No, she doesnt.
Употребляется для выражения: Обычного, повторяющегося действия в настоящем: They go to the country every weekend. Действия, относящегося к настоящему времени в широком смысле слова: I work as a teacher.
Употребляется для выражения: Общеизвестных истин: The Neva flows into the Baltic Sea. Будущего действия с глаголами движения: The train starts in half an hour. Действия, совершающегося в момент речи с глаголами состояния и чувственного восприятия: I hear you quite well.
Every day (week, month, year) Every day (week, month, year) Often Often Seldom Seldom Always Always Usually Usually Sometimes Sometimes Never Never On Mondays On Mondays In the morning (afternoon, evening) In the morning (afternoon, evening)
Exercises Insert the correct form of the verb 1. My dad (work) in Moscow. 2. She never (get up) very early. 3. The concert (begin) at 6 this evening. 4. The children (eat) a lot of ice-cream. 5. She (be) a very good sister. We (love) her. works gets up begins eat is love
Make up questions and answer them. Example: study English/ study French (Ann) Does Ann study English? – No, she studies French. 1. Like pop music/ jazz (you). 2. get up at 7/ 8 oclock (your mother). 3. go to the pictures often/ once a month (your friends). 4. watch TV every evening/ at weekends (your family). 5. live in the centre of the city/ in a new district (your boy-friend). 6. make pies every day/ on Sundays (your mother).
Insert do or does 1. She _____ not study Japanese. 2. _______ your father smoke? 3. ________ they like their new flat? 4. ______ you promise to help me? 5. My grandmother ________ not work now. _______ she keep house? 6. I ______ not know his new address. 7. _______ it often rain in Spain? 8. We ________ not like to come home late. does does do Do does do does do
Answer the questions 1. Do you usually get up at 9 oclock? 2. Do your parents work at school? 3. Do you spend weekends in town? 4. Do you go to the pictures everyday? 5. Do you go to bed at 10 oclock? 6. Does your grandmother still work? 7. Does your sister watch all TV programmes? 8. What do you usually do if you have spare time? 9. What do your parents usually bring home when they come from their country house? 10. What presents do you usually give your friends?
The Present continuous Настоящее длительное время образуется при помощи глагола to be во времени the Present Simple и причастия I основного глагола. S + to be + V ing am is are
Причастие I образуется прибавлением суффикса – ing к основе глагола. При этом следует помнить, что: Немое -е перед суффиксом – ing опускается: give – giving Конечный согласный, которому предшествует краткий ударный гласный, удваивается: run – running l Конечная l удваивается, если есть предшествующий краткий гласный: travel – travelling die - dying Глаголы die, lie, tie образуют причастие I следующим образом: die - dying
Отрицательная форма I + am not + V ing He-she-it + is not + V ing We-you-they + are not + V ing
Вопросительная форма Am + I + V ing ? Is + he-she-it + V ing ? Are + we-you-they + V ing ?
Examples + I am (Im) writing a letter. - She is not (She isnt) writing a letter. ? Are you writing a letter? – Yes, I am./No, I am not.
Употребляется для выражения: Длительного действия, совершающегося в момент речи или в настоящий период времени: They are watching TV. Будущего действия с глаголами движения: She is leaving in a few days. Постоянного процесса: The sun is always shining there.
Look at the pictures and say what these people are doing. He is reading a book. She is singing a song.
He is crying. They are drinking juice. He is brushing his teeth.
He is riding a horse. She is cooking. He is eating.
She is playing computer. He is running. He is sleeping.
Mrs Madson is watching TV. Betty is riding her bike. She is washing up.
She is dancing. They are talking. He is kissing his pet. They are playing.
The Present Simple/ Present Continuous Exercises The Present Simple/ Present Continuous 1. Whats the matter? Why _____ the child ___________ (cry)? 2. She seldom __________ home so early (come). 3. Hurry up! The train ___________ in five minutes (start). 4. Dont disturb her, she ____________ at her essay (work). 5. Where _______ the children (be)? They ______________ computer games (play). 6. John ____________ tomorrow to spend his holidays with us (come). is crying comes starts is working are are playing is coming
The Present Simple/ Present Continuous 1. We (have) a party next Sunday. 2. I know the time the next train for Cambridge (leave)? 3. What you (do) on Monday evening? 4. The next show (start) at 7: You know, Sarah (come) tomorrow and she (plan) to stay here for two weeks. 6. The art exhibition (open) in three days and (close) in two weeks. 7. Alec and Mary (get married) next week. are having leaves … are you doing … starts is coming is planning openscloses are getting married
Task. A friend of yours is planning to go on holiday very soon. Ask him about his plans. Use the words below to make your own sentences. 1.Where/ go? 2.When/ leave? 3.Go/ alone? 4.Go/ by car? 5.Where/ stay? 6. How long/ stay? 7. Meet/ your friends? 8. Who/ come to see off? 9.Take/ much little luggage?
Task. Jack wants you to visit him but you are very busy. Look at your diary for the next few days and explain to him why you cant come. MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursday Volleyball 7-30 p.m. Work late (till 9 p.m.) Theatre (with mother) Meet Julia 5 p.m. Can you come on Monday evening? Jack: Can you come on Monday evening? Sorry, Id love to but I ________________________________. You: Sorry, Id love to but I ________________________________. What about Tuesday evening then? Jack: What about Tuesday evening then? I cant Im afraid. I _____________________________. You: I cant Im afraid. I _____________________________. Well, what are you doing on Wednesday evening? Jack: Well, what are you doing on Wednesday evening? You: _________________________________________________ I see. Well, are you free on Thursday evening? Jack: I see. Well, are you free on Thursday evening? Im afraid not. ______________________________________ You: Im afraid not. _______________________________________ am playing volleyball in the evening. am working till 9 p.m. Im going to the theatre with my mother. Im meeting Julia at 5 p.m.
The Present perfect Present perfect образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to have во времени Present Simple и причастия II смыслового глагола. Причастие II правильных глаголов совпадает с формой прошедшего времени Past Simple. У неправильных глаголов причастие II имеет свою индивидуальную форму, в большинстве случаев отличную от формы прошедшего времени.
I-we-you-they + have + V ed /V 3 He-she-it + has + V ed /V 3 I have already washed the dishes.
Отрицательная форма I-we-you-they + have not + V ed /V 3 He-she-it + has not + V ed /V 3 I have not washed the dishes yet. P.S. h ave not = havent has not = hasnt
Have + I-we-you-they + V ed /V 3 ? Has + he-she-it + V ed /V 3 ? Have you washed the dishes? Yes, I have.No, I havent.
Употребляется для выражения: Действия, закончившегося к моменту речи и связанного с ним своим результатом: Look, Ive brought you some flowers. Нескольких однородных действий, которые были совершены в прошлом, но связь их с настоящим очевидна: They have been in Britain twice. (in their life, up to now) Когда время совершения действия не указано, внимание говорящего сосредоточено на самом факте его совершения и его результате в настоящем: A terrorist has killed the bank manager. (He is dead)
The Present Perfect употребляется с обстоятельственными словами, обозначающими неистекшие периоды времени: today, this week … и с предлогами since и for для передачи действий, совершаемых в течение какого-то периода: Alice has often met my brother this week. I have known her for six months. They have known each other since the childhood.
Today This week (month, year…) Already Never Ever Yet Just Recently, lately
Exercises Exercises Answer the questions. 1. Does she know the song? (learn) 2. Is breakfast ready? (cook) 3. Do you know how tasty the pie is? (eat) 4. Is she at home? (come) 5. Do you know the melody? (hear many times) 6. Can you speak on the subject? (read about it) 7. Are you ready with the report? (write) She has already learnt the song. My mum has already cooked it. I have just eaten the pie. She has just come. I have heard it many times. I have read about it recently. I have already written the report.
1. Ive known him __________ a long time. 2. Weve been on holiday _______ three weeks. 3. Hes been a student _________ four years. 4. She hasnt been to work _______ July. 5. She has been ill ________ a fortnight. 6. They have been divorced _______ last year. 7. We have been very busy _________ Christmas. 8. My grandfather has been a pensioner ________ five years. for for for since for since since for
Insert already, ever, yet, just 1. Have you _______ been to South Africa? 2. Have you _________ finished writing your essay? - No, I havent finished it ______. 3.Ann, lay the table. Ive ________ cooked dinner. 4. They dont know what the problem is. They have ________ arrived. 5. Nobody has found the lost city of Atlantis ___. ever already yet just just yet
The Present Simple/Present Perfect 1. I cant speak about the book. I (not read) it yet. 2. Students usually (buy) books at the House of Books. 3. Its a pity, but I (not buy) this dictionary yet. 4. As a rule we (do) many exercises in class. have not read buy have not bought do
The Present Simple/Present Perfect 5. He (tell) me this joke many times. 6. I already (translate) these sentences into French. 7. They (have) English classes many hours a week. 8. She (work) much and usually (get) many good marks. has told have already translated haveworksgets
The Present tenses 1. I must know what you (talk) about. 2. I (not know) what Harry (say) to you. 3. She (be awake) since two in the morning. 4. I (hear) you (look) for a new house. 5.Hello, what you (do) there at this late hour? are talking dont know has said has been awake have heard, are looking … are you doing…
The Present perfect continuous The Present Perfect Continuous образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в форме the Present Perfect и причастия I смыслового глагола. Это время не имеет аналога в русском языке и может переводиться как настоящим, так и прошедшим временем.
I-we-you-they + have been + V ing He-she-it + has been + V ing She has been teaching at this school for 20 years.
I-we-you-they + have not been + V ing He-she-it + has not been + V ing She is tired though she has not been working all day.
Have + I-we-you-they + been + V ing ? Has + he-she-it + been + V ing ? Has he been making experiments for a year? Yes, he has. No, he hasnt.
Длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом, продолжалось какое-то время и закончилось к моменту речи: Длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом, продолжалось какое-то время и закончилось к моменту речи: He is out of breath. He has been running fast. Длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом и продолжается в момент речи: Длительного действия, которое началось в прошлом и продолжается в момент речи: I have been watching TV since 5 oclock. Повторяющихся действий, совершающихся в настоящий период времени: Повторяющихся действий, совершающихся в настоящий период времени: I have been having driving lessons for six months.
Since 3 oclock Since 3 oclock Since morning Since morning Since he comes Since he comes For 2 hours For 2 hours All day long All day long
Exercises It has been snowing for an hour. Example: Its snowing. It began snowing two hours ago. It has been snowing for an hour. 1. Jane is reading. She began reading an hour ago. 2. Sam is studying Japan. He started studying it 2 years ago. 3. My friend is working at his report. He began working at it in the morning. She has been reading for an hour. He has been studying it for 2 years. He has been working at it since the morning.
Add a sentence with the Present Perfect Continuous 1. We are tired. (we/work/hard) 2. You look unhappy. (you/cry) 3. Johns clothes are dirty. (he/clean/his car) We have been working hard. You have been crying. He has been cleaning his car.
The Present Perfect Continuous vs the Present Perfect Форма the Present Perfect Continuous указывает на длительность действия. Мы не знаем, закончено оно или нет. Употребляется, когда мы хотим сказать, как долго длилось или длится действие. Toms hands are dirty. He has been repairing his car. Форма the Present Perfect свидетельствует о том, что данное действие имело место, и оно закончено. Употребляется, когда мы хотим сказать, как много было сделано. The car is ready. Tom has repaired it.
the Present Perfect Continuous vs the Present Perfect Некоторые глаголы, обозначающие состояния, чувства, представления, не употребляются во времени Present Perfect Continuous. Вместо этого используется временная форма Present Perfect. К таким глаголам относятся: Want, like, have, know, believe, need, love, belong, realize, mean, suppose, forget, understand, seem, see, hear.
1. They … all young trees in the park (plant). The job is done. 2. They … all young trees in the park since the morning. 3. Mary is still in the kitchen. She … it all morning (clean). 4. Mary … the kitchen and now it looks tidy and nice. have planted have been planting has been cleaning has cleaned
The Present tenses 1. It (snow) heavily. It (snow) since Monday. 2. She (speak) a very good English. No wonder, she (study) English since her childhood. 3. We (go) to the pictures twice a month lately. 4. My mother (not work). She (be) retired for two years. is snowing/has been snowingspeaks has been studying have gone doesnt work has been
Источник шаблона презентации: Автор: Ермолаева Ирина Алексеевна, МОУ «Павловская сош» с.Павловск Алтайский край Источники изображений: Источники грамматического материала: Дроздова Т.Ю. English Grammar: учебное пособие. – Спб.: Антология, 2008; Блинова С.И. Практика английского языка. – Спб.: Союз, 2003; Романова Л. Практическая грамматика английского языка. – М.: Айрис, 2000.